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BACKGROUND Female athletes participating in high-risk sports suffer anterior cruciate ligament injury at a 4- to 6-fold greater rate than do male athletes. HYPOTHESIS Prescreened female athletes with subsequent anterior cruciate ligament injury will demonstrate decreased neuromuscular control and increased valgus joint loading, predicting anterior(More)
BACKGROUND Release for full activity and return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is often dictated by time from surgery and subjective opinion by the medical team. Temporal guidelines for return to sport may not accurately identify impaired strength and neuromuscular control, which are associated with increased risk for second(More)
OBJECTIVE A multifactorial combination of predictors may increase anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury risk in athletes. The objective of this twin study was to examine these risk factors to identify commonalities in risk factors that predisposed female fraternal twins to ACL injury. METHODS Female twins in high-risk sports were prospectively measured(More)
Plantar fasciitis is a common problem in running sports. This study was undertaken to determine whether iontophoresis of dexamethasone in conjunction with other traditional modalities provides more immediate pain relief than traditional modalities alone. Forty affected feet were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Group I feet were treated with(More)
STUDY DESIGN Case control. OBJECTIVES To use modified NFL Combine testing methodology to test for functional deficits in athletes following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction following return to sport. BACKGROUND There is a need to develop objective, performance-based, on-field assessment methods designed to identify potential lower(More)
This study evaluated the shoe-surface interaction of 15 football shoes made by 3 manufacturers in both anterior translation and rotation using a specially designed pneumatic testing system. The shoes included traditional cleated football shoes, "court" shoes (basketball-style shoes), molded-cleat shoes, and turf shoes. Under an 11.35-kg (25-pound) axial(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to report on the interaction between different types of athletic shoes and playing surfaces using physiologic loads of 40 and 220 lbs. This is a continuation of our previous report using a load of 25 lbs. Nine shoes by three manufacturers were characterized as turf, court, molded cleat, or traditional cleat and tested(More)
PURPOSE In an effort to identify risk factors for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, many potential risk factors have been proposed, including familial predisposition. However, no study has evaluated familial predisposition in male or females separately. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a familial predisposition to ACL injury exists(More)
PURPOSE An increase in traction between the shoe and a playing surface can result in increased forces to be absorbed by the structures of the lower extremity. Alternately, decreased traction causes impaired performance. We hypothesized that changes in the coefficient of friction (CoF) will affect subjective and objective measures of performance for an(More)
The effect of a preseason conditioning program was studied to evaluate its influence on the occurrence and severity of soccer injuries. Three hundred female soccer players (ages 14 to 18 years) were studied over a 1-year period. Forty-two of these players participated in a 7-week training program before the start of the season. The type, mechanism, and(More)