Robert S. Bandurski

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Seeds of oat, coconut, soybean, sunflower, rice, millet, kidney bean, buckwheat, wheat, and corn and vegetative tissue of oat, pea, and corn were assayed for free indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), esterified IAA, and peptidyl IAA. Three conclusions were drawn: (a) all plant tissues examined contained most of their IAA as derivatives, either esterified or as a(More)
Plants contain most of the growth hormone indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) in conjugated forms believed to be inactive in promoting growth. The iaglu gene, which controls the first step in the biosynthesis of the IAA conjugates of Zea mays, encodes (uridine 5'-diphosphate-glucose:indol-3-ylacetyl)-beta-D-glucosyl transferase. Protein synthesized by Escherichia(More)
An isotope-dilution method has been developed for the assay of free indole-3-acetic acid and ester indole-3-acetic acid as measured by indole-3-acetic acid liberated by mild alkaline hydrolysis. Application of this method to seedlings of Avena sativa and Zea mays indicates the upper limit of free indole-3-acetic acid in Avena to be about 16 mug per kg and(More)
Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) was oxidized by horseradish peroxidase, but ester and amide conjugates of IAA were not degraded. Addition of indoleacetyl-myo-inositol, indoleacetyl-L-aspartate, indoleacetylglycine, indoleacetyl-L-alanine, indoleacetyl-D-alanine, or indoleacetyl-β-alanine did not affect the rate of oxidation of IAA by horseradish peroxidase.(More)
A procedure is described for the purification of the enzyme indol-3-ylacetylglucose:myo-inositol indol-3-ylacetyltransferase (IAA-myo-inositol synthase). This enzyme catalyzes the transfer of indol-3-ylacetate from 1-0-indol-3-ylacetyl-beta-d-glucose to myo-inositol to form indol-3-ylacetyl-myo-inositol and glucose. A hexokinase or glucose oxidase based(More)
The enzyme indol-3-ylacetylglucose synthase (UDP-glucose:indol-3-ylacetate beta-D-glucosyltransferase) catalyses the reaction: [formula: see text] This is the first step in the series of reactions leading to the indol-3-ylacetic acid conjugates found in maize. Previous attempts to purify this enzyme from the liquid endosperm of kernels of Zea mays (sweet(More)
In the presence of ATP and Mg2+, ATP sulphurylase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae catalysed the conversion of selenate into a compound with the electrophoretic and acid-lability properties of adenosine 5'-sulphatophosphate. Structural characterization, involving extensive purification of adenosine 5'-selenophosphate, proved impossible. However, we showed(More)
The present work is concerned with an enzyme, obtained from an acetone powder of spinach leaves, which catalyzes the carboxylation of phosphorylenolpyruvate’ to yield, under the conditions of isolation here employed, oxalacetate and inorganic phosphate. Pyruvate or pyruvate plus ATP will not substitute for PEP. Reduced triphosphopyridine nucleotide is not(More)
A prior study (13) from this laboratory showed that oxidation of exogenously applied indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) to oxindole-3-acetic acid (OxIAA) is the major catabolic pathway for IAA in Zea mays endosperm. In this work, we demonstrate that OxIAA is a naturally occurring compound in shoot and endosperm tissue of Z. mays and that the amount of OxIAA in both(More)