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Injury to a peripheral nerve induces in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) sprouting of sympathetic and peptidergic terminals around large-diameter sensory neurons that project in the damaged nerve. This pathological change may be implicated in the chronic pain syndromes seen in some patients with peripheral nerve injury. The mechanisms underlying the sprouting(More)
Neurotrophins are a family of proteins which act as survival and differentiative factors in the developing and mature nervous system. Extensive evidence has been provided for their retrograde action following incorporation into nerve terminals and transport to the cell body. In contrast, we now demonstrate that one neurotrophin, brain-derived neurotrophic(More)
Peripheral nerve injury results in plastic changes in the dorsal root ganglia and spinal cord, and is often complicated with neuropathic pain. The mechanisms underlying these changes are not known. We have now investigated the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in the dorsal root ganglia with histochemical and biochemical methods following(More)
Neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) mRNA is widely distributed in both the peripheral and central nervous systems but neither the distribution of the native factor nor its physiological function is known. In the present study we produced and characterized an antibody to a synthetic peptide and showed that it specifically recognised endogenous rat and recombinant human(More)
Sympathetic nerve terminals on blood vessels within the dorsal root ganglia sprout after sciatic nerve lesions in the rat. The mechanism underlying this phenomenon is not clear, but might be predicted to involve nerve growth factor or its homologs because these factors are known to trigger collateral sprouting of undamaged sympathetic noradrenergic(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a protein essential for the survival and normal function of sympathetic neurons. Two-site immunoassays have been developed over the past decade in several laboratories and used to estimate its endogenous concentrations in a variety of effector tissues. However, levels appear restricted to a narrow range, display only a poor(More)
Our recent study showed that peripheral inflammation induced an increased expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA which was mediated by nerve growth factor (NGF) in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG). In the present study, we evaluated the change of BDNF immunoreactivity in the DRG and spinal cord following peripheral inflammation by means(More)
Neurotropin-3 (NT3) is a nerve growth factor (NGF) homologue whose function is presently unknown. The factor promotes the survival of a subpopulation of sensory and sympathetic neurons in vitro. NT3 mRNA is widely distributed in both the peripheral and central nervous system but the distribution of NT3 has not yet been examined. In the present study we have(More)
BACKGROUND Previous research on educational data has demonstrated that Rasch fit statistics (mean squares and t-statistics) are highly susceptible to sample size variation for dichotomously scored rating data, although little is known about this relationship for polytomous data. These statistics help inform researchers about how well items fit to a(More)
Gene deletion of neurotrophin-3 (NT3) results in severe sensory and sympathetic deficits that are incompatible with postnatal life in mice. We have now addressed the question of whether NT3 plays a role in the postnatal animal. An antiserum specific for NT3 and capable of blocking the survival effect of the factor in vitro has been generated and given to(More)