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It is generally accepted that augmented feedback, provided by a human expert or a technical display, effectively enhances motor learning. However, discussion of the way to most effectively provide augmented feedback has been controversial. Related studies have focused primarily on simple or artificial tasks enhanced by visual feedback. Recently, technical(More)
To control movements aided by functional electrical stimulation (FES) in paraplegic patients, stimulation of the paralyzed lower limbs might be adjusted in response to voluntary upper body effort. Recently, Donaldson and Yu proposed a theoretical approach, called "control by handle reactions of leg muscle stimulation" (CHRELMS), in which stimulation of the(More)
Musculotendon actuators produce active and passive moments at the joints they span. Due to the existence of bi-articular muscles, the passive elastic joint moments are influenced by the angular positions of adjacent joints. To obtain quantitative information about this passive elastic coupling between lower limb joints, we examined the passive elastic joint(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the biomechanics and motor co-ordination in humans during stair climbing at different inclinations. Ten normal subjects ascended and descended a five-step staircase at three different inclinations (24 degrees, 30 degrees, 42 degrees ). Three steps were instrumented with force sensors and provided 6 dof ground(More)
BACKGROUND Arm hemiparesis secondary to stroke is common and disabling. We aimed to assess whether robotic training of an affected arm with ARMin--an exoskeleton robot that allows task-specific training in three dimensions-reduces motor impairment more effectively than does conventional therapy. METHODS In a prospective, multicentre, parallel-group(More)
A crucial issue of functional electrical stimulation (FES) is the control of motor function by the artificial activation of paralyzed muscles. Major problems that limit the success of current FES systems are the nonlinearity of the target system and the rapid change of muscle properties due to fatigue. In this study, four different strategies, including an(More)
In paraplegic patients with upper motor neuron lesions the signal path from the central nervous system to the muscles is interrupted. Functional electrical stimulation applied to the lower motor neurons can replace the lacking signals. A so-called neuroprosthesis may be used to restore motor function in paraplegic patients on the basis of functional(More)
BACKGROUND Virtual reality (VR) offers powerful therapy options within a functional, purposeful and motivating context. Several studies have shown that patients' motivation plays a crucial role in determining therapy outcome. However, few studies have demonstrated the potential of VR in pediatric rehabilitation. Therefore, we developed a VR-based soccer(More)
The main scope of this study was to test the feasibility and reliability of FES in a MR-environment. Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) is used in the rehabilitation therapy of patients after stroke or spinal cord injury to improve their motor abilities. Its principle lies in applying repeated electrical stimulation to the relevant nerves or muscles(More)
In the functional electrical stimulation of the lower extremity of paraplegics to achieve standing and walking, a mathematical model describing the passive elastic joint moments is essential in order to implement model-based control algorithms. In a previous investigation of ten normal persons we had found significant coupling of passive, elastic joint(More)