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Large amounts of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) released from cellular sources under pathological conditions such as ischemia may activate purinoceptors of the P2X and P2Y types. In the present study, the expression of the P2X7 receptor-subtype in the brain cortex of spontaneously hypertensive rats was investigated using a permanent focal cerebral ischemia(More)
1. The presence of ionotropic P2X receptors, targets of ATP in fast synaptic transmission, as well as metabotropic P2Y receptors, known to activate K(+) currents in cultured neostriatal neurones, was investigated in medium-spiny neurones and cholinergic interneurones contained in neostriatal brain slices from 5-26-day-old rats. 2. In these cells,(More)
Membrane currents and changes in the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) were measured in HEK293 cells transfected with the human P2X3 receptor (HEK293-hP2X3). RT-PCR and immunocytochemistry indicated the additional presence of endogenous P2Y1 and to some extent P2Y4 receptors. P2 receptor agonists induced inward currents in HEK293-hP2X3 cells with(More)
During embryogenesis, tissue specification is triggered by the expression of a unique combination of developmental genes and their expression in time and space is crucial for successful development. Synexpression groups are batteries of spatiotemporally co-expressed genes that act in shared biological processes through their coordinated expression. Although(More)
Transcriptional networks defining stemness in adult neural stem cells (NSCs) are largely unknown. We used the proximal cis-regulatory element (pCRE) of the retina-specific homeobox gene 2 (rx2) to address such a network. Lineage analysis in the fish retina identified rx2 as marker for multipotent NSCs. rx2-positive cells located in the peripheral ciliary(More)
A fluorescein derivative is described which can be used as a normal phosphoramidite in oligonucleotide synthesis, giving high yields of fluorescein labelled sequencing primers. The labelled primers were used in automated DNA-sequence analysis without modification of existing protocols, the computer-processed sequences being reproducibly readable up to 400(More)
A suspension comprising of the three antibiotic substances amphotericin B, colistin sulfate and tobramycin sulfate is often used in clinical practice for the selective decontamination of the digestive tract of patients in intensive care. Since no detailed procedures, specifications or stability data are available for manufacturing this suspension, there may(More)
Enhancers have been described to evolve by permutation without changing function. This has posed the problem of how to predict enhancer elements that are hidden from alignment-based approaches due to the loss of co-linearity. Alignment-free algorithms have been proposed as one possible solution. However, this approach is hampered by several problems(More)
A novel stability-indicating reversed phase high performance liquid chromatographic (RP-HPLC) method for the simultaneous assay of betamethasone-17-valerate, fusidic acid and potassium sorbate as well as methyl- and propylparaben in a topical cream preparation has been developed. A 100mm×3.0mm ID. Ascentis Express C18 column maintained at 30°C and UV(More)
To date, the most common forms of real-time messaging between individuals on the Internet have been text-based, including e-mail and instant messaging. Studies have suggested that Internet users overall spend more hours online with e-mail and instant messaging (IM) than with all other web browsing.<sup>1</sup> Macromedia's new technology opens up exciting(More)