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The significance of site-specific phosphorylation of cardiac troponin I (TnI) by protein kinase C and protein kinase A in the regulation of Ca(2+)-stimulated MgATPase of reconstituted actomyosin S-1 was investigated. The TnI mutants used were T144A, S43A/S45A, and S43A/S45A/T144A (in which the identified protein kinase C phosphorylation sites, Thr-144 and(More)
As an extension of our previous reports that cardiac and skeletal muscle troponin I (Tn-I) and troponin T (Tn-T) are excellent substrates for protein kinase C (PKC) (Katoh, N., Wise, B. C., and Kuo, J. F. (1983) Biochem. J. 209, 189-195; Mazzei, G. J., and Kuo, J. F. (1984) Biochem. J. 218, 361-369), we have now determined that PKC phosphorylated serine 43(More)
Alcohol abuse markedly increases the risk of sepsis-mediated acute lung injury. In a rat model, ethanol ingestion alone (in the absence of any other stress) causes pulmonary glutathione depletion, increased expression of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), and alveolar epithelial barrier dysfunction, even though the lung appears grossly normal.(More)
The role of protein kinase C (PKC) in the phosphorylation of myosin light chain 2 (MLC2) in adult rat heart cells has been investigated. PKC-mediated phosphorylation of MLC2 in adult rat cardiac myofibrils in vitro occurs with a stoichiometry (0.7 mol of phosphate/mol of protein) similar to that mediated by myosin light chain kinase (MLCK). Two-dimensional(More)
HIV-1 infection impairs alveolar macrophage immune function and renders patients susceptible to pneumonia by poorly understood mechanisms. Alveolar macrophage maturation and function depends on granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), which is produced and secreted by the alveolar epithelium. Macrophages respond to GM-CSF through the(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disease characterized by increased pulmonary arterial resistance and vessel remodeling. Patients living with human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) have an increased susceptibility to develop severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) irrespective of their CD4+ lymphocyte counts. While the underlying cause of(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes alpha, delta, epsilon, and zeta, shown to be expressed in adult rat cardiomyocytes, displayed distinct substrate specificities in phosphorylating troponin I and troponin T subunits in the bovine cardiac troponin complex. Thus, because they have different substrate affinities, PKC-alpha, -delta, and -epsilon phosphorylated(More)
Defensins, human neutrophil peptide (HNP) antibiotics, potently inhibited phospholipid/Ca2+ protein kinase (protein kinase C, PKC) and phosphorylation of endogenous proteins from rat brains catalyzed by the enzyme. Of the three defensin peptides, HNP-2 appeared to be more potent than HNP-1 and HNP-3. Kinetic studies indicated that defensins inhibited PKC(More)
Phosphorylation of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) by protein kinase C occurs on apparently the same sites in vitro and in intact cells (in situ) and is implicated in modulation of Pgp function. The region of the molecule which contains the in vitro phosphorylation sites and two specific sites within this region are now determined by peptide sequencing. Membrane(More)