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N-(6-Aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfonamide(W-7), commonly regarded as a calmodulin antagonist, inhibited phospholipid-sensitive Ca2+ -dependent protein kinase and to a lesser extent cyclic GMP- and cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinases. Kinetic studies of the inhibition of the homogeneous spleen phospholipid-sensitive Ca2+ -dependent protein kinase(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) catalytic activity was found in the cytosol, sarcolemma and sarcoplasmic reticulum, and PKC immunoreactivity was found in the striated regions and sarcolemma of rat hearts. Enhanced phosphorylation of troponin T and, to a lesser extent, troponin I was noted in isolated rat cardiac myocytes incubated with PKC activator phorbol ester,(More)
The significance of site-specific phosphorylation of cardiac troponin I (TnI) by protein kinase C and protein kinase A in the regulation of Ca(2+)-stimulated MgATPase of reconstituted actomyosin S-1 was investigated. The TnI mutants used were T144A, S43A/S45A, and S43A/S45A/T144A (in which the identified protein kinase C phosphorylation sites, Thr-144 and(More)
As an extension of our previous reports that cardiac and skeletal muscle troponin I (Tn-I) and troponin T (Tn-T) are excellent substrates for protein kinase C (PKC) (Katoh, N., Wise, B. C., and Kuo, J. F. (1983) Biochem. J. 209, 189-195; Mazzei, G. J., and Kuo, J. F. (1984) Biochem. J. 218, 361-369), we have now determined that PKC phosphorylated serine 43(More)
Effects of cobra cardiotoxin (cytotoxin) and its isoforms, and neurotoxin, on protein kinase C (PKC) and cancer cells were investigated. A positive correlation existed between hydrophobicities and activities of the toxins to inhibit PKC activity (assayed using phosphatidylserine vesicle, arachidonate monomer, and Triton/phosphatidylserine mixed micelle(More)
The role of protein kinase C (PKC) in the phosphorylation of myosin light chain 2 (MLC2) in adult rat heart cells has been investigated. PKC-mediated phosphorylation of MLC2 in adult rat cardiac myofibrils in vitro occurs with a stoichiometry (0.7 mol of phosphate/mol of protein) similar to that mediated by myosin light chain kinase (MLCK). Two-dimensional(More)
Alcohol abuse markedly increases the risk of sepsis-mediated acute lung injury. In a rat model, ethanol ingestion alone (in the absence of any other stress) causes pulmonary glutathione depletion, increased expression of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), and alveolar epithelial barrier dysfunction, even though the lung appears grossly normal.(More)
The effects of a number of polypeptide cytotoxins and neurotoxins on various protein kinases were examined. It was found that cobra cytotoxin I and marine worm cytotoxin A-IV effectively and specifically inhibited phospholipid-sensitive Ca2+-dependent protein kinase (PL-Ca-PK) relative to myosin light chain kinase and cyclic nucleotide-dependent protein(More)