Robert R Young

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One type of flexor reflex, that recorded from the tibialis anterior muscle in response to electrical stimulation of the sole of the foot, was studied in normal subjects and patients with several neurological disorders. Normally this reflex consists of two components, the second of which is related to the actual withdrawal. The first component, normally of(More)
SYNOPSIS EMG activity was recorded in biceps and triceps while subjects voluntarily flexed their elbows during a visual matching task. With fast flexion, the initial EMG was characterized by a triphasic pattern with a burst of activity first in biceps, then in triceps with a silent period in biceps, and finally in biceps again; these components were(More)
1. Different techniques were used to generate sudden ramp extension movements of the wrist while the subjects were either relaxed or maintaining a weak voluntary contraction in the wrist flexors. Afferent responses to the displacements were recorded with a tungsten micro-electrode inserted into a fascicle of the median nerve supplying one of the wrist(More)
Fast isometric elbow flexor muscle contractions of specified amplitude in six normal subjects were compared with those of 11 patients with Parkinson's disease. Despite treatment, all patients exhibited deficits in this motor task. Three patients were able to produce rapid force pulses with normal contraction times, but the variability of their force(More)
Late response (H reflex and F response) and sural conduction studies were used in addition to conventional motor and sensory conduction to detect peripheral neuropathy in 30 randomly selected patients with chronic renal failure (18 receiving hemodialysis), five of whom had no clinical evidence of peripheral neuropathy; 30 age-matched control subjects were(More)
Mechanisms underlying the development of spasticity after spinal cord injury are not understood. One spinal interneuron likely to be affected is the Renshaw cell, which acts to produce recurrent inhibition in motor neurons as well as inhibiting Ia interneurons. Descending pathways exert both excitatory and inhibitory control over Renshaw cell activity. We(More)
Five patients with essential tremor had a dramatic diminution in tremor amplitude within 15 minutes of ingesting small doses of ethyl alcohol. The same patients were given equivalent amounts of ethyl alcohol infused into a brachial artery, and there was no decrease in tremor amplitude in the perfused limb. It is concluded that, in patients with essential(More)
The clinical and EEG findings in patients in the literature with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) were reviewed and compared with findings in 36 patients with CJD at the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). Twenty-one of the 36 MGH cases had histopathology, all with findings consistent with CJD. EEGs in 18 patients studied pathologically and in 10 without(More)