Robert R. Stempel

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The impact of HIV counseling and testing on sexual risk-taking and related behaviors reported by HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) was examined in a cross-sectional study conducted among a representative sample of residents living in a resort area. Participants provided specimens of oral mucosal transudate for HIV-antibody testing, were(More)
We followed 93 subjects from the San Francisco General Hospital Cohort for one year after notifying them of their HIV-1 antibody test results in order to examine self-disclosure, reactions, and concerns regarding disclosure. By one year post-notification, 92% of gay friends, 82% of primary sexual partners, 56% of new sexual partners, 46% of co-workers, 71%(More)
Working Group Members1 Garnet L. Anderson, Women’s Health Initiative, Clinical Coordinating Center, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Avenue N, M3-A410, PO Box 19024, Seattle, WA 98109, USA Philippe Autier, Unit of Epidemiology, Prevention and Screening, Jules Bordet Institute, Boulevard de Waterloo 125, Brussels 1000, Belgium Valerie(More)
OBJECTIVE Several recent studies have reported high rates of sexual risk-taking and HIV infection among young men who have sex with men (MSM). Most of these studies used samples of convenience. The authors obtained population-based data on young MSM living in South Beach (Miami Beach, Florida), a resort community where some of the highest AIDS rates in the(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to plan for a series of culturally competent and sexually appropriate public health interventions for a highly mobile population of men who have sex with men (MSM). GOAL The goal of this study was to conduct a comprehensive needs assessment. STUDY A cross-sectional survey with a multistage probability sample of(More)
We interviewed, and tested for HIV antibody, 117 homosexual men who had been regular sexual partners of men who developed acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS); 85 tested seropositive. Receptive anal intercourse with the index AIDS case and number of different sexual partners with whom subjects were anally receptive were both risk factors. Controlling(More)
We examined the psychological impact of HIV antibody testing in 107 homosexual men in San Francisco. Seventy-eight percent of the seropositives but only 43% of the seronegatives correctly anticipated their results. Twelve months after notification (but not earlier), notified seropositives reported significantly greater increases in total distress than(More)
HIV counseling and testing has been a cornerstone of AIDS prevention strategies, with men who have sex with men being specifically targeted for the counseling and testing. Unfortunately, it appears that exposure to HIV counseling and testing has little effect on the behaviors of those who test negative. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(More)
To the Editor: We were delighted to see that our colleagues at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had read our article (Darrow et al., 1998a) and responded (Wolitski and Doll, 1999). Their criticisms of our cross-sectional study of 51 HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) and live in South Beach are welcomed and appreciated. In this(More)
Background: The development of evidence-based smoking cessation programs is in its infancy in developing countries, which continue to bear the main brunt of the tobacco epidemic. Adherence to treatment recommendations is an important determinant of the success of smoking cessation programs, but little is known about factors influencing adherence to either(More)