Robert R. Rubalcaba

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A function f : V (G) → {0, 1, 2} is a Roman dominating function for a graph G = (V,E) if for every vertex v with f(v) = 0, there exists a vertex w ∈ N(v) with f(w) = 2. Emperor Constantine had the requirement that an army or legion could be sent from its home to defend a neighboring location only if there was a second army which would stay and protect the(More)
A dominating set S of a graph G is called efficient if |N [v]∩S| = 1 for every vertex v ∈ V (G). That is, a dominating set S is efficient if and only if every vertex is dominated exactly once. In this paper, we investigate efficient multiple domination. There are several types of multiple domination defined in the literature: k-tuple domination,(More)
The fractional analogues of domination and packing in a graph form an interesting pair of dual linear programs in that the feasible vectors for both LPs have interpretations as functions from the vertices of the graph to the unit interval; efficient (fractional) domination is accomplished when a function simultaneously solves both LPs. We investigate some(More)
A function f : V (G) → {0, 1, 2} is a Roman dominating function if for every vertex with f(v) = 0, there exists a vertex w ∈ N(v) with f(w) = 2. We introduce two fractional Roman domination parameters, γR ◦ f and γRf , from relaxations of two equivalent integer programming formulations of Roman domination (the former using open neighborhoods and the later(More)
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