Robert R. Holland

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To examine costs and cost-effectiveness ratios of a four-year mass media programme previously shown to prevent the onset of smoking among adolescents. DESIGN A matched control design. SETTING Two cities in Montana, one in New York and one in Vermont, USA. SUBJECTS Students in grades 10-12 (ages 15-18). INTERVENTION A four-year mass media(More)
A method of medical education has been developed which emphasizes audit of student performance in terms of behavioural traits (thoroughness, reliability, analytic sense, and efficiency) rather than in terms of memorized knowledge. This method is dependent upon the Problem-Oriented Medical Record. The tools developed for the audit and some preliminary(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the cost effectiveness of a four year, multifaceted, community based research project shown previously to help women quit smoking. DESIGN A quasi-experimental matched control design. SETTING Two counties in Vermont and two in New Hampshire, USA. SUBJECTS Women aged 18-64 years. METHODS Costs were the grant related expenditures(More)
BACKGROUND Life expectancy gain (LEG) is an outcome measure commonly estimated with a declining exponential function in a Markov model. The accuracy of such estimates has not been objectively evaluated. PURPOSE To compare LEGs from declining exponential function estimates with those calculated from population data, using published screening mammography(More)
  • 1