Robert R. Delongchamp

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Polymorphic arylamine N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) status varies widely between individuals and ethnic groups and has been associated with susceptibility to several cancers. Few studies have reported the distribution of NAT2 status for Caucasian-American populations or evaluated the concordance between methods of assessment for cancer cases and controls. In(More)
An objective of many functional genomics studies is to estimate treatment-induced changes in gene expression. cDNA arrays interrogate each tissue sample for the levels of mRNA for hundreds to tens of thousands of genes, and the use of this technology leads to a multitude of treatment contrasts. By-gene hypotheses tests evaluate the evidence supporting no(More)
MOTIVATION A microarray experiment is a multi-step process, and each step is a potential source of variation. There are two major sources of variation: biological variation and technical variation. This study presents a variance-components approach to investigating animal-to-animal, between-array, within-array and day-to-day variations for two data sets.(More)
Breast development, one of the first signs of puberty, is closely associated with age at menarche; and early menarche is in turn a well-established risk factor for female breast cancer. We examined the relationships between the onset of puberty and gene variants for certain enzymes that regulate hormone metabolism among 137 healthy nine-year-old girls from(More)
Acrylamide (AA) is an important industrial chemical that is neurotoxic in rodents and humans and carcinogenic in rodents. The observation of cancer in endocrine-responsive tissues in Fischer 344 rats has prompted hypotheses of hormonal dysregulation, as opposed to DNA damage, as the mechanism for tumor induction by AA. The current investigation examines(More)
In studies that use DNA arrays to assess changes in gene expression, our goal is to evaluate the statistical significance of treatments on sets of genes. Genes can be grouped by a molecular function, a biological process, or a cellular component, e.g., gene ontology (GO) terms. The meaning of an affected GO group is often clearer than interpretations(More)
An increasing number of both clinical and experimental studies have shown an association between deficiencies of the dietary sources of physiological methyl groups and cancer formation. The critical metabolic intermediate in a determination of methylation status is S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), the body's chief physiological methyl donor. The present study(More)
Many researchers are concerned with the comparability and reliability of microarray gene expression data. Recent completion of the MicroArray Quality Control (MAQC) project provides a unique opportunity to assess reproducibility across multiple sites and the comparability across multiple platforms. The MAQC analysis presented for the conclusion of inter-(More)
Daily, rhythmic variation in various biochemical, physiological, and behavioral events is a fundamental property of biological organization. Here, we report analysis of relative levels of gene expression in the liver of 16 Fischer 344 rats as a function of time of day. Expression levels were determined for 3906 genes using high-density oligonucleotide(More)
Compulsive drug abuse has been conceptualized as a behavioral state where behavioral stimuli override normal decision making. Clinical studies of methamphetamine users have detailed decision making changes and imaging studies have found altered metabolism and activation in the parietal cortex. To examine the molecular effects of amphetamine (AMPH) on the(More)