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Ambient air pollutant exposure has been linked to childhood respiratory disease, but infants have received little study. The authors tested the hypotheses that subchronic and chronic exposure to fine particulate matter (particulate matter < or = 2.5 microm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5)), nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, and ozone increases risk of(More)
UNLABELLED We examined the association of infant bronchiolitis with acute exposure to ambient air pollutants. DESIGN We employed a time-stratified case-crossover method and based the exposure windows on a priori, biologically based hypotheses. PARTICIPANTS We evaluated effects in 19,901 infants in the South Coast Air Basin of California in 1995-2000(More)
Anxiety sensitivity, a fear of anxiety-related symptoms, has been associated with a heightened experience of pain, especially within women. The majority of experimental studies investigating this association have relied heavily on the cold pressor technique as a means of pain induction, limiting the generalisability of results. The aim of the current study(More)
Concerns have been raised about the value of genomic research for prevention and public health, especially for complex diseases with risk factors that are amenable to environmental modification. Given that gene-environment interactions underlie almost all human diseases, the public health significance of genomic research on common diseases with modifiable(More)
We examined how the frequency of the fixated word influences the spatiotemporal distribution of covert attention during reading. Participants discriminated gaze-contingent probes that occurred with different spatial and temporal offsets from randomly chosen fixation points during reading. We found that attention was initially focused at fixation and that(More)
Priapism is a rare, but serious, side effect of psychotropic medications. Psychotropic medication-induced priapism is believed to be caused by the alpha-adrenergic antagonism of these medications. Among the atypical antipsychotics, cases of priapism or prolonged erection have been associated with clozapine, olanzapine, risperidone, and quetiapine.(More)
Although children are prescribed medications in 30 percent to 50 percent of clinic visits, little is known about medication errors in ambulatory pediatrics. In the process of completing a study to determine the prevalence of outpatient dosing errors, we identified a number of barriers to understanding the epidemiology of medication errors in children. These(More)
Enteric viruses are a major problem in the food industry, especially as human noroviruses are the leading cause of nonbacterial gastroenteritis. Chitosan is known to be effective against some enteric viral surrogates, but more detailed studies are needed to determine the precise application variables. The main objective of this work was to determine the(More)
Ambient air pollutant exposure has been linked to childhood respiratory disease, but infants have received little study. The authors tested the hypotheses that subchronic and chronic exposure to fine particulate matter (particulate matter 2.5 lm in aerodynamic diameter (PM 2.5)), nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, and ozone increases risk of severe infant(More)
Traditional microfabrication processes are confined to a small set of materials due to limitations on etching and confined to low-aspect-ratio fabrication due to limits in both etching and stability of thicker film deposition processes. Carbon Nanotube Templated Microfabrication (CNT-M) technology has introduced a dramatically different approach to(More)