Robert R. Crichton

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There is increasing evidence that iron is involved in the mechanisms that underlie many neurodegenerative diseases. Conditions such as neuroferritinopathy and Friedreich ataxia are associated with mutations in genes that encode proteins that are involved in iron metabolism, and as the brain ages, iron accumulates in regions that are affected by Alzheimer's(More)
SUMMARY In the CNS, iron in several proteins is involved in many important processes such as oxygen transportation, oxidative phosphorylation, myelin production, and the synthesis and metabolism of neurotransmitters. Abnormal iron homoeostasis can induce cellular damage through hydroxyl radical production, which can cause the oxidation and modification of(More)
Iron is an essential metal for almost all living organisms due to its involvement in a large number of iron-containing enzymes and proteins, yet it is also toxic. The mechanisms involved in iron absorption across the intestinal tract, its transport in serum and delivery to cells and iron storage within cells is briefly reviewed. Current views on cellular(More)
Metal ions are of particular importance in brain function, notably iron. A broad overview of iron metabolism and its homeostasis both at the cellular level (involving regulation at the level of mRNA translation) and the systemic level (involving the peptide ‘hormone’ hepcidin) is presented. The mechanisms of iron transport both across the blood–brain(More)
In an animal model of aluminum overload, (aluminium gluconate), the increases in tissue aluminium content were paralleled by elevations of tissue iron in the kidney, liver heart and spleen as well as in various brain regions, frontal, temporal and parietal cortex and hippocampus. Despite such increases in iron content there were no significant changes in(More)
A ferritin-like molecule was purified from iron-loaded cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, but its iron content was very low and was not representative of the cellular iron content. A study of the intracellular distribution of iron has shown that the vacuoles are involved in the storage of iron in the yeast cell. Moreover, it seems that this vacuolar iron(More)
Among several parameters affecting the rate and amount of iron uptake by Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the oxidation state of iron appeared to be determinant. Iron presented as Fe(II) was taken up faster than Fe(III) and the kinetic parameters were different. Iron was taken up by the cells from different ferric chelates, at rates that did not depend on their(More)
In previous studies it has been shown that reaction of crystalline horse spleen apoferritin with hemin leads to a protoporphyrin IX-apoferritin complex [Précigoux et al. (1994) Acta Crystallogr. D50, 739-743]. We show here the following. (i) Hemin binds to two classes of sites in horse spleen apoferritin at pH 8, each with a binding stoichiometry of 0.5(More)