Robert Qing Miao

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The target of rapamycin (TOR), as part of the rapamycin-sensitive TOR complex 1 (TORC1), regulates various aspects of protein synthesis. Whether TOR functions in this process as part of TORC2 remains to be elucidated. Here, we demonstrate that mTOR, SIN1 and rictor, components of mammalian (m)TORC2, are required for phosphorylation of Akt and conventional(More)
Although Nogo-A has been identified in the central nervous system as an inhibitor of axonal regeneration, the peripheral roles of Nogo isoforms remain virtually unknown. Here, using a proteomic analysis to identify proteins enriched in caveolae and/or lipid rafts (CEM/LR), we show that Nogo-B is highly expressed in cultured endothelial and smooth muscle(More)
The Akt signaling pathway controls several cellular functions in the cardiovascular system; however, its role in atherogenesis is unknown. Here, we show that the genetic ablation of Akt1 on an apolipoprotein E knockout background (ApoE(-/-)Akt1(-/-)) increases aortic lesion expansion and promotes coronary atherosclerosis. Mechanistically, lesion formation(More)
Hsp90 client protein Akt has been shown to inhibit cell apoptosis in part by inhibiting proapoptotic kinase ASK1 (apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1) activity. In the present study, we show that Hsp90 inhibits hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced ASK1–p38 activation in endothelial cells (EC). The inhibitory effect of Hsp90 on ASK1–p38 activities is diminished(More)
Nogo isoforms (Nogo-A and -B) have been implicated in regulating neural and cardiovascular functions, such as cell spreading and chemotaxis. Unlike the loop domain (Nogo-66) found in all Nogo isoforms that can interact with a neural-specific Nogo-66 receptor, the receptor for the amino terminus of Nogo-B that mediates vascular function is unknown. Here, we(More)
Our previous work has shown that axon guidance gene family Nogo-B and its receptor (NgBR) are essential for chemotaxis and morphogenesis of endothelial cells in vitro. To investigate NogoB-NgBR function in vivo, we cloned the zebrafish ortholog of both genes and studied loss of function in vivo using morpholino antisense technology. Zebrafish ortholog of(More)
Endothelial cell-specific chemotaxis receptor (ECSCR) is a cell surface protein expressed by blood endothelial cells with roles in endothelial cell migration and signal transduction. We investigated the function of ecscr in the development of the zebrafish vasculature. Zebrafish ecscr is expressed in angioblasts and in axial vessels during angioblast(More)
Kallistatin is a unique serine proteinase inhibitor (serpin) and a heparin-binding protein. It has been localized in vascular smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells of human blood vessels, suggesting that kallistatin may be involved in the regulation of vascular function. Our previous study showed that kallistatin plays a role in neointima hyperplasia.(More)
Recently, messenger RNAs in eukaryotes have shown to associate with antisense (AS) transcript partners that are often referred to as long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) whose function is largely unknown. Here, we have identified a natural AS transcript for tyrosine kinase containing immunoglobulin and epidermal growth factor homology domain-1 (tie-1), tie-1AS(More)
We evaluated the effects of the kallikrein-kinin system on the proliferation and migration of primary cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in vitro and neointima formation in balloon-injured rat carotid arteries in vivo. In cultured rat VSMCs, tissue kallikrein inhibited cell proliferation, and this inhibitory effect was blocked by(More)