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In utero or early-life vitamin D deficiency is associated with skeletal problems, type 1 diabetes, and schizophrenia, but the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in U.S. pregnant women is unexplored. We sought to assess vitamin D status of pregnant women and their neonates residing in Pittsburgh by race and season. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) was(More)
This article formulates the multidimensional nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy (NOESY) interpretation problem using graph theory and presents a novel, bottom-up, topology-constrained distance network analysis algorithm for NOESY cross peak interpretation using assigned resonances. AutoStructure is a software suite that implements this(More)
One of the most important challenges in modern protein NMR is the development of fast and sensitive structure quality assessment measures that can be used to evaluate the "goodness-of-fit" of the 3D structure with NOESY data, to indicate the correctness of the fold and accuracy of the resulting structure. Quality assessment is especially critical for(More)
Rapid and accurate functional assignment of novel proteins is increasing in importance, given the completion of numerous genome sequencing projects and the vastly expanding list of unannotated proteins. Traditionally, global primary-sequence and structure comparisons have been used to determine putative function. These approaches, however, do not emphasize(More)
Metabolic fingerprinting studies rely on interpretations drawn from low-dimensional representations of spectral data generated by methods of multivariate analysis such as principal components analysis and projection to latent structures discriminant analysis. The growth of metabolic fingerprinting and chemometric analyses involving these low-dimensional(More)
Data handling in the field of NMR metabolomics has historically been reliant on either in-house mathematical routines or long chains of expensive commercial software. Thus, while the relatively simple biochemical protocols of metabolomics maintain a low barrier to entry, new practitioners of metabolomics experiments are forced to either purchase expensive(More)
Metabolomics datasets are commonly acquired by either mass spectrometry (MS) or nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), despite their fundamental complementarity. In fact, combining MS and NMR datasets greatly improves the coverage of the metabolome and enhances the accuracy of metabolite identification, providing a detailed and high-throughput(More)
The proliferation of biological databases and the easy access enabled by the Internet is having a beneficial impact on biological sciences and transforming the way research is conducted. There are approximately 1100 molecular biology databases dispersed throughout the Internet. To assist in the functional, structural and evolutionary analysis of the(More)
Leptin, an adipocyte hormone involved in energy homeostasis, is important in reproduction and pregnancy. Questions yet to be addressed include the source of higher leptin during pregnancy and its relationship to pregnancy outcome and fetal growth. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between placental leptin gene expression,(More)
BACKGROUND Differences in circulating concentrations of antiangiogenic factors sFlt1 and soluble endoglin (sEng) and the pro-angiogenic growth factor PlGF are reported to precede the onset of preeclampsia weeks to months in low-risk pregnant women. The objective of this study was to investigate whether similar changes can be detected in pregnant women at(More)