Robert Pijnenborg

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Uterine spiral arteries play a vital role in supplying nutrients to the placenta and fetus, and for this purpose they are remodelled into highly dilated vessels by the action of invading trophoblast (physiological change). Knowledge of the mechanisms of these changes is relevant for a better understanding of pre-eclampsia and other pregnancy complications(More)
Deep placentation in the human requires physiologic transformation of the spiral arteries into uteroplacental vessels. This process involves the inner myometrial segment (junctional zone) of the spiral arteries and is effected by trophoblast invasion of the vessel wall, resulting in complete loss of the arterial structure and deposition of fibrinoid and(More)
Morphometric and statistical techniques were used to assess the relation of myometrial interstitial trophoblast to the uteroplacental vasculature in 27 intact hysterectomy specimens ranging from 8 to 18 weeks' gestation. It was found that the volume density of cytotrophoblast in the myometrium and in particular the proximity of such trophoblast to the(More)
Trophoblast invasion is an essential component of haemochorial placentation and has to be considered to relation to reactive changes in the maternal uterine tissues. Some comparative aspects of human and laboratory rodents are discussed and, although there is an obvious phylogenetic gap between the two, many characteristics of placental development are(More)
Defective deep placentation has been associated with a spectrum of complications of pregnancy including preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction, preterm labor, preterm premature rupture of membranes, late spontaneous abortion, and abruptio placentae. The disease of the placental vascular bed that underpins these complications is commonly investigated(More)
Development of placentation and successful pregnancy depend on co-ordinated interactions between the maternal decidua and myometrium, and the invasive properties of the fetal trophoblast. Syncytin, a protein encoded by the envelope gene of a recently identified human endogenous defective retrovirus, HERV-W, is highly expressed in placental tissue.(More)
Trophoblastic invasion of the human decidua has been studied in 48 intact uteri with pregnancies ranging from 8 to 18 weeks after the last menstrual period. Some cytotrophoblast invades the distal segments of the spiral arteries to become endovascular while the rest diffusely infiltrates the decidua as an interstitial invader. The interstitial(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate trophoblast invasion and vascular changes in placental bed spiral arteries in normal and severe pre-eclamptic pregnancies. DESIGN A histological and immunohistochemical study of placental bed biopsies containing spiral arteries. SETTING The University Hospital, Leuven, Belgium. SUBJECTS Twenty-one placental bed biopsies from(More)
The involvement of endovascular trophoblast in fibrinoid deposition, replacement of the endothelium and vascular smooth muscle breakdown is studied in spiral arteries of the mesometrial triangle from day 15 to day 21 of rat pregnancy, by examining arterial cross sections after staining for cytokeratin, PAS, CD31 and alpha-actin. From day 15 to day 18 of(More)
OBJECTIVE The investigation of the histology of the placental bed spiral arteries in normal pregnancy and in pregnancies complicated by hypertension, with or without proteinura. DESIGN An observational study, based on women having caesarean sections for clinical reasons. SUBJECTS 17 normal pregnant women, 43 with gestational hypertension, of whom 39 had(More)