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Tyrosine phenol-lyase (EC 4.1.99.2) from Citrobacter freundii has been cloned and the primary sequence deduced from the DNA sequence. From the BrCN digest of the NaBH4-reduced holoenzyme, five peptides were purified and sequenced. The amino acid sequences of the peptides agreed with the corresponding parts of the tyrosine phenol-lyase sequence obtained from(More)
PURPOSE To develop an evidence-based guideline for the empiric management of pediatric fever and neutropenia (FN). METHODS The International Pediatric Fever and Neutropenia Guideline Panel is a multidisciplinary and multinational group composed of experts in pediatric oncology and infectious disease as well as a patient advocate. The Panel was convened(More)
Photosystem II (PSII) catalyzes the first of two photosynthetic reactions that convert sunlight into chemical energy. Native PSII is a supercomplex consisting of core and light-harvesting chlorophyll proteins. Although the structure of PSII has been resolved by x-ray crystallography, the mechanism underlying its assembly is poorly understood. Here, we(More)
The binding of substrates and inhibitors to wild-type Proteus vulgaris tryptophan indole-lyase and to wild type and Y71F Citrobacter freundii tyrosine phenol-lyase was investigated in the crystalline state by polarized absorption microspectrophotometry. Oxindolyl-lalanine binds to tryptophan indole-lyase crystals to accumulate predominantly a stable(More)
Tyrosine phenol-lyase (TPL) from Citrobacter freundii is a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the reversible hydrolytic cleavage of l-Tyr to give phenol and ammonium pyruvate. The proposed reaction mechanism for TPL involves formation of an external aldimine of the substrate, followed by deprotonation of the alpha-carbon to give a(More)
His343 in Citrobacter freundii tyrosine phenol-lyase is conserved in all known sequences of both tyrosine phenol-lyase and tryptophan indole-lyase; it is located near the active-site Lys257 in C. freundii tyrosine phenol-lyase [Antson, A. A., Demidkina, T. V., Gollnick, P., Danter, Z., Von Tersch, R.L., Long, J., Berezhnoy, S. N., Phillips, R. S.,(More)
The effects of indole and analogues on the reaction of Escherichia coli tryptophan indole-lyase (tryptophanase) with amino acid substrates and quasisubstrates have been studied by rapid-scanning and single-wavelength stopped-flow spectrophotometry. Indole binds rapidly (within the dead time of the stopped-flow instrument) to both the external aldimine and(More)
We show the existence of Nash equilibria in a Bertrand oligopoly price competition game using a possibly asymmetric attraction demand model with convex costs under mild assumptions. We show that the equilibrium is unique and globally stable. To our knowledge, this is the first paper to show the existence of a unique equilibrium with both non-linear demand(More)
Tyr71 is an invariant residue in all known sequences of tyrosine phenol-lyase (TPL). The substitution of Tyr71 in TPL by phenylalanine results in a mutant Y71F TPL with no detectable activity (greater than 3 x 10(5)-fold reduction) for beta-elimination of L-tyrosine. Y71F TPL can react with S-alkylcysteines, but these substrates exhibit kcat values reduced(More)
Up to six months ahead of actual production, U.S. automakers announce plans for their monthly domestic production of cars. A leading industry trade journal publishes the initial plans and then a series of revisions leading up to the month in question. We analyze a panel data set spanning the years 1965{1995, matching the production forecasts with data for(More)