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Characteristic patterns of gene expression measured by DNA microarrays have been used to classify tumors into clinically relevant subgroups. In this study, we have refined the previously defined subtypes of breast tumors that could be distinguished by their distinct patterns of gene expression. A total of 115 malignant breast tumors were analyzed by(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies implicate polymorphisms in the human beta-adrenergic receptor gene (ADRB2) in the susceptibility to hypertension. We sought to replicate these results in a population of Chinese origin primarily from Taiwan and the San Francisco Bay area. METHODS We genotyped >800 hypertensive subjects and individuals with low-normal blood(More)
BACKGROUND Obtaining reliable and reproducible two-color microarray gene expression data is critically important for understanding the biological significance of perturbations made on a cellular system. Microarray design, RNA preparation and labeling, hybridization conditions and data acquisition and analysis are variables difficult to simultaneously(More)
BACKGROUND Perturbations in cell-cell interactions are a key feature of cancer. However, little is known about the systematic effects of cell-cell interaction on global gene expression in cancer. RESULTS We used an ex vivo model to simulate tumor-stroma interaction by systematically co-cultivating breast cancer cells with stromal fibroblasts and(More)
To make large-scale association studies a reality, automated high-throughput methods for genotyping with single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are needed. We describe PCR conditions that permit the use of the TaqMan or 5' nuclease allelic discrimination assay for typing large numbers of individuals with any SNP and computational methods that allow(More)
BACKGROUND Our understanding of genes that predispose to essential hypertension is poor. METHODS A genome-wide scan for linkage at approximately 10 cM resolution was done on 1425 sibpairs of Chinese and Japanese origins that were concordant for hypertension (N = 661), low-normal blood pressure (BP) (N = 184), or discordant for BP (N = 580). RESULTS(More)
The mineralocorticoid hormone, aldosterone, is known to play a role in sodium homeostasis. We serendipitously found, however, highly significant association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the aldosterone synthase gene and plasma glucose levels in a large population of Chinese and Japanese origin. Two polymorphisms--one in the putative promoter(More)
The kidney, by regulating the volume of fluid in the body, plays a key role in regulating blood pressure (BP). The kidney uses primarily sodium and, to a lesser extent, urea to maintain the appropriate volume of fluid. Genetic variation in proteins that determine sodium reabsorption and excretion is known to significantly influence BP. However, the(More)
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