Robert Pauly

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The incretins glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP1-42) and glucagon-like peptide-1-(7-36)-amide (GLP-17-36), hormones that potentiate glucose-induced insulin secretion from the endocrine pancreas, are substrates of the circulating exopeptidase dipeptidyl peptidase IV and are rendered biologically inactive upon cleavage of their N-terminal(More)
The hormones glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 act on the pancreas to potentiate glucose-induced insulin secretion (enteroinsular axis). These hormones (incretins) are rapidly hydrolyzed by the circulating enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP IV) into biologically inactive NH2-terminally truncated fragments.(More)
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is frequently used for studies of multiple sclerosis (MS). Because in most EAE models T cells mediate the pathology in the absence of B cells/autoantibodies, the notion has evolved that also MS may be a primarily T cell-mediated disease. We have previously introduced MBP-PLP fusion protein (MP4)-induced EAE in(More)
The incretins glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP1-42) and truncated forms of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) are hormones released from the gut in response to ingested nutrients, which act on the pancreas to potentiate glucose-induced insulin secretion. These hormones are rapidly inactivated by the circulating enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV(More)
Evidence has accumulated that the incretins glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1(7-36) amide) are degraded and rendered biologically inactive in plasma by the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPIV). A strain of Fischer rats lacking the DPIV enzyme were used in the current investigation as a model for examining(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine changes in plasma leptin levels and resting energy expenditure (REE) during short-term refeeding of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). METHOD This was a longitudinal study of 21 women meeting the DSM-IV criteria for AN who were admitted to the hospital for renutrition. Height, weight, percent body fat (assessed by skin fold(More)
It is well documented that the release of insulin from isolated perifused islets attenuates over time, despite a continued glucose stimulation. In the current study we have shown that potentiation of insulin release by the intestinal hormone glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) is also attenuated after its continuous application. In less than(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure serum leptin concentrations in women with anorexia nervosa (AN) and to identify independent predictors of leptin levels, thereby allowing hormone levels to be modeled using regression analysis. METHODS A cross-sectional study of 15 AN inpatients and 16 healthy control subjects. Age, height, weight, percent body fat, total caloric(More)