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BACKGROUND Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) contacts many brain regions and may mediate humoral signaling distinct from synaptic neurotransmission. However, synthesis and transport mechanisms for such signaling are not defined. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether human CSF contains discrete structures that may enable the regulation of humoral(More)
Glutathione independent prostaglandin D synthase (Swissprot P41222, PTGDS) has been identified in human cerebrospinal fluid and some changes in PTGDS in relation to disease have been reported. However, little is known of the extent that PTGDS isoforms fluctuate across a large range of congenital and acquired diseases. The purpose of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Headache burden is not adequately explored in Africa. Here, we measured weighted migraine prevalence from community-based studies in Africa. METHODS PubMed search was employed using terms 'headache in Africa' AND/OR 'migraine in Africa' for published literature from 1970 until January 31, 2014. PRISMA was applied for systematic review.(More)
BACKGROUND Early treatment of Alzheimer's disease may reduce its devastating effects. By focusing research on asymptomatic individuals with Alzheimer's disease pathology (the preclinical stage), earlier indicators of disease may be discovered. Decreasing cerebrospinal fluid beta-amyloid42 is the first indicator of preclinical disorder, but it is not known(More)
Platelet monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity was assayed in 42 unmedicated, elderly, RDC depressed, unipolar outpatients over 60 years of age, 17 nondepressed controls, and 17 younger volunteers without psychiatric illness. Elderly depressed women (n = 22) had significantly higher MAO activity than sex- and age-comparable controls. No significant relationships(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the weighted average global prevalence of migraine at the community level. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING A systematic review using advanced search strategies employing PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science was conducted for community-based and non-clinical studies by combining the terms "migraine", "community-based", and names of every(More)
Some patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) have long-tract degeneration in the spinal cord. Spinal-cord sections showing degeneration were immunoreactive in 13 of 17 AIDS patients using rabbit antiserum to whole disrupted human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or a mouse monoclonal antibody to HIV core protein p24. The immunostaining was(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated whether dietary sodium intake from respondents of a national cross-sectional nutritional study differed by history of migraine or severe headaches. BACKGROUND Several lines of evidence support a disruption of sodium homeostasis in migraine. DESIGN Our analysis population was 8819 adults in the 1999-2004 National Health and(More)
Transient headache exacerbation during IV dihydroergotamine (DHE) therapy of migraine may prompt clinicians to prematurely discontinue DHE therapy, potentially depriving patients of the full benefit of DHE infusion. In a recent Neurology® article, Eller et al. evaluated whether or not worsening headache during DHE infusion was associated with suboptimal(More)