Learn More
Two pairs of experiments studied the effects of attention and of unilateral neglect on auditory streaming. The first pair showed that the build up of auditory streaming in normal participants is greatly reduced or absent when they attend to a competing task in the contralateral ear. It was concluded that the effective build up of streaming depends on(More)
A series of experiments investigated the influence of harmonic resolvability on the pitch of, and the discriminability of differences in fundamental frequency (F0) between, frequency-modulated (FM) harmonic complexes. Both F0 (62.5 to 250 Hz) and spectral region (LOW: 125-625 Hz, MID: 1375-1875 Hz, and HIGH: 3900-5400 Hz) were varied orthogonally. The(More)
Acoustic sequences such as speech and music are generally perceived as coherent auditory "streams," which can be individually attended to and followed over time. Although the psychophysical stimulus parameters governing this "auditory streaming" are well established, the brain mechanisms underlying the formation of auditory streams remain largely unknown.(More)
  • R P Carlyon
  • 1996
A series of experiments investigated listeners' ability to encode the fundamental frequency (F0) of a group of harmonics (the "target") in the presence of a second, spectrally overlapping, group (the "masker"). Experiment 1a was a sequential F0 discrimination task between two targets, whose F0s were geometrically centered on 210 Hz, in the presence of a(More)
Often, the sound arriving at the ears is a mixture from many different sources, but only 1 is of interest. To assist with selection, the auditory system structures the incoming input into streams, each of which ideally corresponds to a single source. Some authors have argued that this process of streaming is automatic and invariant, but recent evidence(More)
Speech recognition in noise improves with combined acoustic and electric stimulation compared to electric stimulation alone [Kong et al., J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 117, 1351-1361 (2005)]. Here the contribution of fundamental frequency (F0) and low-frequency phonetic cues to speech recognition in combined hearing was investigated. Normal-hearing listeners heard(More)
A sound turned off for a short moment can be perceived as continuous if the silent gap is filled with noise. The neural mechanisms underlying this "continuity illusion" were investigated using the mismatch negativity (MMN), an event-related potential reflecting the perception of a sudden change in an otherwise regular stimulus sequence. The MMN was recorded(More)
Three experiments studied discrimination of changes in the rate of electrical pulse trains by cochlear-implant (CI) users and investigated the effect of manipulations that would be expected to substantially affect the pattern of auditory nerve (AN) activity. Experiment 1 used single-electrode stimulation and tested discrimination at baseline rates between(More)
Existing cochlear implants stimulate the auditory nerve with trains of symmetric biphasic (BP) pulses. Recent data have shown that modifying the pulse shape, while maintaining charge balance, may be beneficial in terms of reducing power consumption, increasing dynamic range, and limiting channel interactions. We measured thresholds and most comfortable(More)
In everyday life we often listen to one sound, such as someone's voice, in a background of competing sounds. To do this, we must assign simultaneously occurring frequency components to the correct source, and organize sounds appropriately over time. The physical cues that we exploit to do so are well-established; more recent research has focussed on the(More)