Robert Orlando

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Podocalyxin (PC) is the major sialoglycoprotein expressed on the apical membrane of the podocyte. Previously it was shown that PC is connected to actin through the PC/NHERF2/ezrin complex, and this connection is disrupted in the nephrotic syndrome. For assessing whether expression of PC affects the organization of the actin cytoskeleton, MDCK cell lines(More)
We investigated the role of the integrins alpha v beta 3 and alpha v beta 5 in mediating vitronectin adhesion of three phenotypically distinct cell types. M21 human melanoma cells and H2981 lung carcinoma cells use both alpha v-containing integrins in adhering to vitronectin while UCLA-P3 lung carcinoma cells adhere exclusively with alpha v beta 5.(More)
Megalin is the most abundant endocytic receptor in the proximal tubule epithelium (PTE), where it is concentrated in clathrin-coated pits (CCPs) and vesicles in the brush border region. The heterotrimeric G protein alpha subunit, Galphai3, has also been localized to the brush border region of PTE. By immunofluorescence GIPC and GAIP, components of G(More)
Ankyrin-repeat family A protein (ANKRA) is a novel protein that interacts directly and specifically with the cytoplasmic tail of megalin in the yeast two-hybrid system and glutathione-S-transferase pull-down assays. ANKRA has three ankyrin repeats and shows 61% overall homology to regulatory factor X, ankyrin repeat-containing protein. Mapping studies show(More)
Podocalyxin (PC), the major sialoprotein of glomerular epithelial cells (GECs), helps maintain the characteristic architecture of the foot processes and the patency of the filtration slits. PC associates with actin via ezrin, a member of the ERM family of cytoskeletal linker proteins. Here we show that PC is linked to ezrin and the actin cytoskeleton via(More)
The secreted isoforms of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) that contain the Kunitz domain are also known as protease nexin 2 (PN2). Normal proteolytic processing of transmembrane APP, which results in the majority of soluble PN2, cleaves within the Alzheimer's A beta peptide, precluding A beta formation. Recent data indicate that soluble PN2 is(More)
Renal clearance is a major pathway for regulating the levels of insulin and other low molecular weight polypeptide hormones in the systemic circulation. Previous studies have shown that the reabsorption of insulin from the glomerular filtrate occurs by binding to as yet unidentified sites on the luminal surface of proximal tubule cells followed by(More)
The activator protein-1 (AP-1) family of transcription factors, including the most common member c-Jun-c-Fos, participates in regulation of expression of numerous genes involved in proliferation, apoptosis, and tumorigenesis in response to a wide array of stimuli including pro-inflammatory cytokines, growth factors, stress, and tumor promoters. A number of(More)
Megalin (gp330) is a member of the low-density lipoprotein receptor gene family. Like other members of the family, it is an endocytic receptor that binds a number of specific ligands. Megalin also binds the receptor-associated protein (RAP) that serves as an exocytic traffic chaperone and inhibits ligand binding to the receptor. To investigate the fate of(More)
During development, renal glomerular epithelial cells (podocytes) undergo extensive morphologic changes necessary for creation of the glomerular filtration apparatus. These changes include formation of interdigitating foot processes, replacement of tight junctions with slit diaphragms, and the concomitant opening of intercellular urinary spaces. It was(More)