Robert O Ruder

Learn More
OBJECTIVE Although many pediatricians pursue renal ultrasonography when patients are noted to have external ear malformations, there is much confusion over which specific ear malformations do and do not require imaging. The objective of this study was to delineate characteristics of a child with external ear malformations that suggest a greater risk of(More)
The authors summarize current methods for reconstructing partial auricular defects resulting from trauma, neoplasm, or congenital defects. They also review the anatomy and embryology of the ear as this is critical for proper reconstruction. Defects of the auricle are divided into upper-third, middle-third, and lower-third defects. Methods of total auricular(More)
Auricular malformations begin within the first few weeks of intrauterine growth. Less severe deformational abnormalities occur from abnormal fetal positioning. They can be corrected early after birth by simple reshaping and molding. No longer should the pediatrician wait for minor deformities to resolve spontaneously. The protruding ear may not be present(More)
Reconstruction of the severely deformed external ear has been a frustrating experience for many patients and surgeons alike. Until recently, children with microtia (1:10,000 births) have been subjected to multiple procedures with frequently ungratifying results. Because of the rarity of this deformity, most surgeons have had little personal experience with(More)
  • 1