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OBJECTIVE Determine the prevalence of vestibular and balance disorders in children, rate of complaints of imbalance, and odds ratio of related diagnoses. PATIENTS AND METHODS Retrospective review of pediatric health system during a 4-year period for International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, codes related to balance disorders. Identified(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS SLITRK family proteins control neurite outgrowth and regulate synaptic development. In mice, Slitrk6 plays a role in the survival and innervation of sensory neurons in the inner ear, vestibular apparatus, and retina, and also influences axial eye length. We provide the first detailed description of the auditory phenotype in humans with(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the immediate hearing result and the long-term stability of sculpted incus interposition in ossiculoplasty and evaluate the utility of the middle ear risk index in predicting hearing outcome in these cases. PATIENTS One hundred thirty-seven surgical patients. STUDY DESIGN Review of 137 patients who underwent ossiculoplasty using(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Describe the clinical presentation and treatment of a patient with central auditory processing deficiency associated with an anatomic deficit in the left superior temporal lobe. STUDY DESIGN Case report. METHODS We report a case and the treatment of an 8-year-old boy with abnormal speech development and auditory processing disorder(More)
HYPOTHESIS To investigate the intracranial abnormalities present in children with cochlear nerve deficiency (CND), including abnormalities of other cranial nerves, and to describe their auditory abilities. BACKGROUND The prevalence of CND has increased with the development of high resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). There are varying degrees of(More)
We describe an unusual presentation of geniculate ganglion venous malformation, a rare facial nerve lesion, emphasizing the importance of the differential diagnosis, imaging characteristics, and controversies in management. A child presented with moderate right-sided conductive hearing loss and a House-Brackmann grade I facial nerve function bilaterally.(More)
We present a case of temporary cochlear nerve dysfunction due to endocochlear inflammation with subsequent recovery. Retrospective case review at a pediatric tertiary care hospital. A nine-year-old male presented seven years post-cochlear implantation with an electrode array extruded into the external auditory canal. Upon exploration in the operating room,(More)