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BACKGROUND Among elderly persons, falls account for 87% of all fractures and are contributing factors in many nursing home admissions. This study evaluated the effect of an easily implemented, low-intensity exercise program on the incidence of falls and the time to first fall among a clinically defined population of elderly men and women. METHODS This(More)
OBJECTIVES : This investigation was guided by the stress process model and had two objectives: first, to describe the extent of negative caregiving effects for family caregivers of veterans with dementia, and second, to identify salient predictors of negative caregiving effects. DESIGN : Data were obtained from baseline, structured telephone interviews(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection need lifelong medical care, but many do not remain in care. The effect of poor retention in care on survival is not known, and we sought to quantify that relationship. METHODS We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving persons newly identified as having HIV infection during(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine factors predicting development of aggression. METHOD Community-dwelling patients over 60 years of age in a Veterans Affairs Medical Center who had a documented ICD-9-CM code for dementia within 12 months of screening and no other dementia codes recorded for 2 preceding years but no aggressive behavior during the 12 months preceding(More)
Relatively little is known about cognitive changes in early human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. This study examined cognitive functioning in 46 HIV-positive gay men relative to an age and education equivalent group of 13 HIV-negative gay men. The HIV-positive men were asymptomatic except for lymphadenopathy or T4 counts less than 700. The(More)
HIV-1-associated cognitive impairment has only been preliminarily investigated for associations with mortality. The authors examined 119 HIV-1-positive homosexual men (asymptomatic: n = 96; early symptomatic: n = 23). At follow-up (to 3.5 years), there were 105 survivors and 14 nonsurvivors. Those at the 25th percentile in response speeds and in long-term(More)
OBJECTIVES Pain self-report is the assessment gold standard in cognitively intact populations but has been discouraged in persons with dementia because of significant evidence that pain intensity is often underreported by persons with dementia. However, most community-dwelling persons with dementia are cared for in primary care settings where a more in(More)
PURPOSE This article provides a detailed description of a telephone-based care coordination intervention, Partners in Dementia Care (PDC), for veterans with dementia and their family caregivers. Essential features of PDC included (a) formal partnerships between Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers and Alzheimer's Association Chapters; (b) a(More)
BACKGROUND As a person ages, leg speed and power decrease. These changes are associated with increased falls and reduced gait speed. It has been shown that upper leg training in younger persons results in increased strength and power at the specific speed at which resistance training is applied, although there are only limited data concerning speed-specific(More)
This study examined aggression as a predictor of nursing-home placement, injuries, use of restraints, and use of health services in community-dwelling patients with newly diagnosed dementia. Participants were identified from 2001-2004 Veterans Administration databases; all had a new diagnosis of dementia and no aggression. Patients and caregivers were(More)