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UNLABELLED Translational control of gene expression has emerged as a major mechanism that regulates many biological processes and shows dysregulation in human diseases including cancer. When studying differential translation, levels of both actively translating mRNAs and total cytosolic mRNAs are obtained where the latter is used to correct for a possible(More)
High-throughput screening is an early critical step in drug discovery. Its aim is to screen a large number of diverse chemical compounds to identify candidate 'hits' rapidly and accurately. Few statistical tools are currently available, however, to detect quality hits with a high degree of confidence. We examine statistical aspects of data preprocessing and(More)
The study of gene expression with printed arrays and prefabricated chips is evolving from a qualitative to a quantitative science. Statistical procedures for determining quality control, differential expression, and reproducibility of findings are a natural consequence of this evolution. However, problems inherent to the technologies have raised important(More)
In humans, most recombination events occur in a small fraction of the genome. These hotspots of recombination show considerable variation in intensity and/or location across species and, potentially, across human populations. On a larger scale, the patterns of recombination rates have been mostly investigated in individuals of European ancestry, and it(More)
Activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling pathway is a frequent occurrence in human cancers and a major promoter of chemotherapeutic resistance. Inhibition of one downstream target in this pathway, mTORC1, has shown potential to improve chemosensitivity. However, the mechanisms and genetic modifications that confer sensitivity to(More)
Outgrowth of neurites in culture is used for assessing neurotrophic activity. Neurite measurements have been performed very slowly using manual methods or more efficiently with interactive image analysis systems. In contrast, medium-throughput and noninteractive image analysis of neurite screens has not been well described. The authors report the(More)
BACKGROUND DNA microarrays provide data for genome wide patterns of expression between observation classes. Microarray studies often have small samples sizes, however, due to cost constraints or specimen availability. This can lead to poor random error estimates and inaccurate statistical tests of differential expression. We compare the performance of the(More)
BACKGROUND DNA microarrays are popular tools for measuring gene expression of biological samples. This ever increasing popularity is ensuring that a large number of microarray studies are conducted, many of which with data publicly available for mining by other investigators. Under most circumstances, validation of differential expression of genes is(More)
MOTIVATION High-throughput screening (HTS) plays a central role in modern drug discovery, allowing for testing of >100,000 compounds per screen. The aim of our work was to develop and implement methods for minimizing the impact of systematic error in the analysis of HTS data. To the best of our knowledge, two new data correction methods included in(More)
Two independent studies failed to find evidence consistent with Council, Kirsch, and Hafner (1986), who argued that the repeatedly observed correlations between Tellegen's (1981) Absorption Scale (TAS) and hypnosis measures were artifacts of testing context, and de Groot, Gwynn, and Spanos (1988), who claimed evidence for a Gender x Context moderator(More)