Robert N. Willette

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Urotensin-II (U-II) is a vasoactive 'somatostatin-like' cyclic peptide which was originally isolated from fish spinal cords, and which has recently been cloned from man. Here we describe the identification of an orphan human G-protein-coupled receptor homologous to rat GPR14 and expressed predominantly in cardiovascular tissue, which functions as a U-II(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a pleiotropic cytokine that rapidly upregulates in the brain after injury. The present study was designed to explore the pathophysiological significance of brain TNF-alpha in the ischemic brain by systematically evaluating the effects of lateral cerebroventricular administration of exogenous(More)
The rostral ventrolateral medulla is the primary site of action for clonidine, a centrally acting antihypertensive. In the rostral ventrolateral medulla, clonidine binds not only to alpha-2 adrenergic receptors but also to specific imidazole sites. In order to determine whether a putative imidazole receptor mediates the hypotensive action of clonidine, a(More)
Increased Rho kinase (ROCK) activity contributes to smooth muscle contraction and regulates blood pressure homeostasis. We hypothesized that potent and selective ROCK inhibitors with novel structural motifs would help elucidate the functional role of ROCK and further explore the therapeutic potential of ROCK inhibition for hypertension. In this article, we(More)
The consequences of cerebral ischemia were studied in three different strains (BDF, CFW, and BALB/C) of mice. The different strains exhibited significant differences in susceptibility to 24-h focal ischemia. Following middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), infarct volumes (mm3) were 5 +/- 3 in BDF, 15 +/- 5 in CFW, and 23 +/- 3 in BALB/C mice (p < 0.05).(More)
1. Urotensin-II (U-II) and its G-protein-coupled receptor, GPR14, are expressed within mammalian cardiac and peripheral vascular tissue and, as such, may regulate mammalian cardiovascular function. The present study details the vasoconstrictor profile of this cyclic undecapeptide in different vascular tissues isolated from a diverse range of mammalian(More)
The transient receptor potential (TRP) vanilloid subtype 4 (V4) is a nonselective cation channel that exhibits polymodal activation and is expressed in the endothelium, where it contributes to intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis and regulation of cell volume. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the systemic cardiovascular effects of GSK1016790A, a(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of Rho A and Rho-kinase in acute myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury and the protective effect of Rho-kinase inhibitor, Y-27632 [(R)-(+)-trans-N-(4-pyridyl)-4-(1-aminoethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide]. METHODS AND RESULTS Male CD1 mice were subjected to 30 min of coronary occlusion and 24 h reperfusion.(More)
MK-801 and (+)SK&F 10047 produced a dose-related inhibition of the EEG suppression and cortical hyperemia associated with cortical spreading depression (CSD) and reduced the CSD propagation rate; ED50 = 1 mg/kg, i.v. and 15 mg/kg, i.v., respectively. MK-801 had a delayed onset of action (inversely related to dose) and a prolonged duration of action at all(More)
Human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) encodes a rapidly activating delayed rectifier potassium channel that plays important roles in cardiac action potential repolarization. Although many drugs and compounds block hERG channels, activators of the channel have only recently been described. Three structurally diverse synthetic compounds have been reported(More)