Robert N. Singer

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Research on knowledge of results and knowledge of performance has been directed toward identification of the optimal schedule for administering feedback. The purpose of this investigation was to assess whether a schedule based on performance feedback controlled by the learner would be a more effective means of delivering feedback than any predetermined or(More)
. Skilled (n = 12) and less skilled (n = 12) billiards players participated in 2 experiments in which the relationship between quiet eye duration, expertise, and task complexity was examined in a near and a far aiming task. Quiet eye was defined as the final fixation on the target prior to the initiation of movement. In Experiment 1, skilled performers(More)
The cognitive psychology school of thought has spawned models of sequential stages or phases of information processing associated with various tasks. It has encouraged the study of cognitions and attention as related to learning, performance and high levels of achievement in goal-directed complex activities in which movement is the medium of expression.(More)
To execute flawlessly and automatically in sports competition is the goal of any serious athlete. Automaticity suggests nonconscious attention to the act itself while executing, and not being aware of and therefore vulnerable to external and internal distractors. Self-paced sports and events in sports allow time for preparing to perform in a stable and(More)
Violent and aggressive behaviours have become common in a large variety of sport. The antecedents and consequences of such behaviours are outlined in the position statement issued by the International Society of Sport Psychology (ISSP). The ISSP recommends several actions be taken to minimize such acts in sport and encourages education of young athletes in(More)
  • R N Singer
  • Canadian journal of applied sport sciences…
  • 1980
A global model has been developed with special emphasis on cognitive (control) processes that may be operative in the learning and performing of complex motor behaviors. It is most meaningful for instructional and self-learning purposes to determine those processes that may be under the control of the learner, and which strategies are available for him/her(More)
Several cognitive motivational theories including achievement motivation, attribution theory, and a test of expectancy for future success were linked to explain and predict psychomotor performance. Sixty high- and 60 low-need-achieving male high school students were randomly placed into success and failure feedback conditions, and performance scores on a(More)