Robert N. Muller

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2.4. Sol-Gel Reactions 2070 2.5. Polyol Methods 2071 2.6. Flow Injection Syntheses 2071 2.7. Electrochemical Methods 2071 2.8. Aerosol/Vapor Methods 2071 2.9. Sonolysis 2072 3. Stabilization of Magnetic Particles 2072 3.1. Monomeric Stabilizers 2072 3.1.1. Carboxylates 2073 3.1.2. Phosphates 2073 3.2. Inorganic Materials 2073 3.2.1. Silica 2073 3.2.2. Gold(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The suitability of paramagnetic complexes as magnetic resonance contrast agents depends on various factors such as their relaxivity, stability, selectivity, and the inertness toward transmetallation by endogenous ions. The transmetallation of a series of 18 gadolinium complexes by the Zn2+ ion was studied in vitro by proton(More)
The 74HB59 strain of Rift Valley fever (RVF) virus, isolated from a human case in the Central African Republic, was shown to be composed of a heterogeneous population of viruses when plaque-purified clones were analyzed for their reactivity with monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) directed against the nucleocapsid (N) protein or the nonstructural (NSs) protein.(More)
Luminescent hybrid nanoparticles with a paramagnetic Gd2O3 core were applied as contrast agents for both in vivo fluorescence and magnetic resonance imaging. These hybrid particles were obtained by encapsulating Gd2O3 cores within a polysiloxane shell which carries organic fluorophores and carboxylated PEG covalently tethered to the inorganic network.(More)
The dependence of 1/T1 on the magnetic field strength (the relaxation dispersion) has been measured at 37 degrees C on autopsy samples of human brain gray and white matter at field strengths corresponding to proton Larmor frequencies between 10 kHz and 50 MHz (0.0002-1.2 T). Additional measurements of 1/T1 and 1/T2 have been performed at 200 MHz (4.7 T) and(More)
This paper compares the physicochemical properties of six low molecular weight clinical complexes of gadolinium studied under identical experimental conditions. Magnevist, Dotarem, Omniscan, ProHance, MultiHance and Gadovist were investigated by oxygen-17 relaxometry at different temperatures and by proton relaxometry at various magnetic fields,(More)
The MP12 attenuated strain of Rift Valley fever virus was obtained by 12 serial passages of a virulent isolate ZH548 in the presence of 5-fluorouracil (Caplen et al., 1985. Mutagen-directed attenuation of Rift Valley fever virus as a method for vaccine development. J. Gen. Virol., 66, 2271-2277). The comparison of the M segment of the two strains has(More)
Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles can be used for numerous applications such as MRI contrast enhancement, hyperthermia, detoxification of biological fluids, drug delivery, or cell separation. In this work, we will summarize the chemical routes for synthesis of iron oxide nanoparticles, the fluid stabilization, and the surface modification of(More)
Overlapping cDNAs representing the complete L segment of Rift Valley fever virus were assembled, and the L protein was expressed via a recombinant vaccinia virus. The transcriptase activity of the L protein was assayed with two types of templates: natural ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) and artificial genome-like RNAs. RNPs purified in a CsCl gradient did not(More)
Ferritin, the iron storing protein, is known to darken T2-weighted MRI. This darkening can be used to non-invasively measure iron content. However, ferritin's behavior is not the same in tissue as in solution, a discrepancy that remains unexplained by the recently developed theory matching the NMR properties of ferritin solutions. A better understanding of(More)