Learn More
The hippocampus has a critical role in several fundamental memory operations, including the conditioning of fear to contextual information. We show that the hippocampus is necessary also for unconditioned fear, and that the involved circuitry is at the ventral pole of the hippocampus. Rats with selective hippocampal lesions failed to avoid open arms in an(More)
Chronic stress is linked to development of depression and may trigger neurobiological changes underlying the disease. Downregulation of the secretory peptide brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and the transcriptional regulator calcium/cyclic-AMP responsive binding protein (CREB) have been implicated in stress and depression-related pathology in animal(More)
The effect of 24-h sleep deprivation by forced locomotion on plasma corticosterone was investigated in the rat. Corticosterone was slightly elevated after 21.5 h sleep deprivation, but did not differ from controls after a 2.5-h recovery period. An acute 20-min forced locomotion period caused a marked rise in plasma corticosterone. It is concluded that(More)
We studied the short- and long-term effects of a double social defeat (SD) on sleep parameters, EEG power, behaviour in the open field emergence test, corticosterone responsiveness, and acoustic startle responses. Pre-stress levels of corticosterone were assessed before all rats were surgically implanted with telemetric transmitters for sleep recording, and(More)
The aim of the paper was to study the relationship between heart rate variability (HRV) and cortisol release during cognitive challenging tasks. Forty-nine male naval cadets from the Royal Norwegian Naval Academy were administered computerised versions of attentional and working memory tests. The results from this study support the hypothesis of a negative(More)
Depression in humans is associated with sleep abnormalities of three types: altered rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, fragmented sleep, and reduced delta sleep. In an animal model of depression, chronic exposure to mild stressors (CMS, e.g. periods of soiled cage, reversed light/dark cycle, grouped housing, food and/or water deprivation) causes behavioral and(More)
Effects of intracerebroventricular administration of neuropeptide Y on open field behaviour, behavioural habituation and corticosterone response to open field testing, and on home cage activity have been investigated in the rat. In the open field, NPY reduced activity in a dose-dependent manner. Behavioural habituation was not influenced. After 5 days of(More)
One of the most established hypotheses of depression focuses on alteration of the serotonergic (5-HT) function. Recent evidence suggests that serotonergic involvement in depression may be modulated by the action of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GABA). Furthermore, altered GABAergic function is also evident in depressed patients and in animal models of(More)
It has been proposed that the hippocampus exerts a tonic inhibitory influence on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) stress axis. This claim rests, in particular, on the upregulation of corticosterone secretion and other measures of HPA activity after nonselective lesions of the hippocampal formation. We measured plasma corticosterone concentrations(More)