Robert Munro

Learn More
Ten fruit and kernel traits were measured in 152 Irvingia gabonensis and 293 Dacryodes edulis trees from 6 villages in Cameroon and Nigeria. Frequency distribution curves were used to examine the range of variation of each trait of each species in each village and aggregated into national and regional populations. There were differences between the village(More)
The livers from 50 brown hares (Lepus europaeus) were examined by electron microscopy for calicivirus-like particles typical of the virus of European brown hare syndrome (EBHS). The virus was visible in 23 of the livers which included four taken from hares which died in 1982 and 1985 and which had been stored at -20 degrees C. The clinical histories, post(More)
We present a compendium of recent and current projects that utilize crowdsourcing technologies for language studies, finding that the quality is comparable to controlled laboratory experiments, and in some cases superior. While crowdsourcing has primarily been used for annotation in recent language studies, the results here demonstrate that far richer data(More)
This article reports on Mission 4636, a real-time humanitarian crowdsourcing initiative that processed 80,000 text messages (SMS) sent from within Haiti following the 2010 earthquake. It was the first time that crowdsourcing (microtasking) had been used for international relief efforts, and is the largest deployment of its kind to date. This article(More)
In the wake of the January 12 earthquake in Haiti it quickly became clear that the existing emergency response services had failed but text messages were still getting through. A number of people quickly came together to establish a text-message based emergency reporting system. There was one hurdle: the majority of the messages were in Haitian Kreyol,(More)
This paper describes the need for mining complex relationships in spatial data. Complex relationships are defined as those involving two or more of: multi-feature co-location, self-co-location, one-tomany relationships, self-exclusion and multi-feature exclusion. We demonstrate that even in the mining of simple relationships, knowledge of complex(More)
Crisis-affected populations are often able to maintain digital communications but in a sudden-onset crisis any aid organizations will have the least free resources to process such communications. Information that aid agencies can actually act on, ‘actionable’ information, will be sparse so there is great potential to (semi)automatically identify actionable(More)
In addition to ganging-up cumulativity the authors distinguish counting cumulativity. Counting cumulativity is simply being sensitive to the number of violations of a single constraint. In a sense it is no different to ganging-up cumulativity, simply allowing a higher ranked constraint to be ganged-up on by multiple violations of the same lower-ranked(More)
The winter diets of roe deer culled from Kielder Forest, in north-east England, where the incidence of liver carcinomas in roe deer is high, and Galloway Forest, in south-west Scotland, where the incidence of liver carcinomas is low, were compared by microhistological analysis of faeces. Both areas are planted with spruce forests but the diets of the deer(More)