Robert Mulder

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Vancomycin resistance exhibited by Enterococcus faecalis isolates V583, V586, and V587 is described. The vancomycin MICs ranged from 32 to 64 micrograms/ml. Although resistant to vancomycin, the isolates were susceptible to teicoplanin (MIC, less than or equal to 0.5 micrograms/ml). Such a glycopeptide susceptibility profile has not been previously(More)
From March 1992 to March 1993, 187 Dutch broiler flocks were screened to assess their Campylobacter and Salmonella carriage. Every 4 wk at least 10 flocks, at three different slaughterhouses, were screened for presence of these bacteria. Twenty-five cecal samples were taken from each flock. Campylobacter spp. were isolated from 153 out of 187 broiler flocks(More)
Broiler flocks on two Dutch poultry farms were screened weekly for the presence of campylobacter in fresh caecal droppings during eight consecutive production cycles. Hatchery and fresh litter samples were taken at the start of each new cycle. Water, feed, insects, and faeces of domestic animals, present on the farms were also included in the sampling.(More)
A three-phase analysis of the Vitek ESBL test and a double-disk (2 disk) test was performed to assess their ability to detect extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) in members of the family Enterobacteriaceae. In the first two phases involving detection of ESBLs in 157 stains processing well-characterized beta-lactamases, sensitivity and specificity were(More)
Experiments on salmonella decontamination of broiler carcasses with lactic acid, L-cysteine, and hydrogen peroxide were performed. Treatment with lactic acid (1%) and hydrogen peroxide (.5%) resulted in a 4-log cycle reduction in colony forming units of Salmonella typhimurium both with pure cultures and with artificially inoculated broiler carcasses.(More)
The microbial flora transferred to carcasses during slaughter is a reflection of the care taken on the slaughter floor and of the types and numbers of microorganisms acquired by the animal on the farm or during the period of transportation to the slaughter house. These microogranisms may include those able to cause illness in the consumer, or microorganisms(More)
Recently, an increased resistance of Campylobacter to fluoroquinolones, a newer class of antimicrobial agents in both human and veterinary medicine, has been reported. Campylobacter isolates (617) from 150 broiler flocks were tested for their susceptibility to cephalothin (control), ampicillin, tetracycline, erythromycin, and the quinolones nalidixic acid,(More)
Very little is known regarding the effects of the microgravity environment of space flight upon the action of antimicrobial agents on bacterial pathogens. This study was undertaken to develop a simple method for conducting antibacterial susceptibility tests during a space shuttle mission. Specially prepared susceptibility test research cards (bioMérieux(More)
The Nurmi concept for diminishing salmonella infection of poultry by application of gastrointestinal microflora from adult birds into newly hatched chicks was tested in a field study in which 8 million broilers were involved. Half of the 284 flocks was treated in the hatchery by spray application of an undefined microflora propagated in SPF chicks. A(More)
The revolutionary industrialisation of the poultry industry in the last 30 years has made the food poultry meat available for large groups of consumers. Due to its nutritional, sensory and economical characteristics, poultry meat is by far the most popular animal food product world-wide. Epidemiological reports, however, incriminate poultry meat as a source(More)