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We reported recently that the choline phospholipid-binding proteins (BSP-A1/-A2, BSP-A3 and BSP-30-kDa) of bovine seminal plasma (BSP) stimulate cholesterol and choline phospholipid efflux from fibroblasts. In this study, we characterized the lipid efflux particles generated by BSP proteins. The density gradient ultracentrifugation of the efflux medium from(More)
Our recent results indicated that the major proteins of bovine seminal plasma (collectively called BSP proteins) stimulate cholesterol efflux from fibroblasts and that this process shows many differences compared to the efflux induced by apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I)-containing lipoproteins. The present study was undertaken to investigate the BSP-mediated(More)
Several studies have shown that sperm capacitation was accompanied by a change in the lipid composition of the sperm membrane. In cattle, the major proteins of (bovine)seminal plasma (BSP proteins: BSP-A1/A2, BSP-A3, and BSP-30-kDa) potentiate sperm capacitation induced by high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Our recent studies indicate that these proteins and(More)
The cortical thick ascending limb (CTAL) absorbs Cl- via a Na+-K+-Cl- cotransport at the apical membrane and several Cl- channels at the basolateral membrane, including a 9-pS channel having several properties of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). Having checked that CFTR mRNA is present in the mouse CTAL, we investigated(More)
UNLABELLED Adult bone tissue is continuously being remodelled and bone mass is maintained by a balance between osteoclastic bone resorption and osteoblastic bone formation. Alteration of osteoblastic cell proliferation may account in part for lack of balance between these two processes in bone loss of osteoporosis. There is calcium (Ca2+) control in(More)
One of the hypotheses to explain the mechanism of capacitation involves the loss of sperm membrane cholesterol. Here, we studied whether or not the major proteins of bovine seminal plasma designated as BSP-A1, -A2, -A3, and -30-kDa (collectively called BSP proteins), which are implicated in sperm capacitation, induce cholesterol efflux. When epididymal(More)
Placental transfer of maternal calcium (Ca(2+)) is a crucial step for fetal development although the biochemical mechanisms responsible for this process are largely unknown. This process is carried out in vivo by the placental syncytiotrophoblast layer. The aim of this study was to define the membrane gates responsible for the syncytiotrophoblast Ca(2+)(More)
Placental transfer of maternal calcium (Ca2+) is carried out in vivo by the syncytiotrophoblast layer. Although this process is crucial for fetal development, it remains poorly understood. Cytotrophoblasts isolated from human term placenta undergo spontaneous syncytiotrophoblast-like morphological and biochemical differentiation in vitro and are thought to(More)
Epidemiological studies indicate that patients suffering from atherosclerosis are predisposed to develop osteoporosis. Atherogenic determinants such as oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) particles have been shown both to stimulate the proliferation and promote apoptosis of bone-forming osteoblasts. Given such opposite responses, we characterized the(More)
Capacitation is an important process in bovine sperm maturation and is an obligatory step prior to fertilization. Two capacitating agents, namely heparin and high-density lipoprotein (HDL), have been shown to induce sperm capacitation. A family of major proteins of bovine seminal plasma designated BSP-A1/A2, BSP-A3, and BSP-30 kDa (collectively called BSP(More)