Robert Moreau

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One of the hypotheses to explain the mechanism of capacitation involves the loss of sperm membrane cholesterol. Here, we studied whether or not the major proteins of bovine seminal plasma designated as BSP-A1, -A2, -A3, and -30-kDa (collectively called BSP proteins), which are implicated in sperm capacitation, induce cholesterol efflux. When epididymal(More)
Patch clamp experiments were performed on two human osteosarcoma cell lines (MG-63 and SaOS-2 cells) that show an osteoblasticlike phenotype to identify and characterize the specific K channels present in these cells. In case of MG-63 cells, in the cell-attached patch configuration (CAP) no channel activity was observed in 2 mm Ca Ringer (control condition)(More)
Bovine seminal plasma (BSP) contains a family of phospholipid-binding proteins (BSP-A1/-A2, BSP-A3 and BSP-30-kDa, collectively called BSP proteins) that potentiate sperm capacitation induced by high-density lipoproteins. We showed recently that BSP proteins stimulate cholesterol efflux from epididymal spermatozoa and play a role in capacitation. Here, we(More)
UNLABELLED Bone tissue in the adult is continuously being remodelled, and overall bone mass is maintained constant by the balance between osteoclastic bone resorption and osteoblastic bone formation. Adequate osteoblastic proliferation is essential for both appropriate formation and for regulation of resorption, and thereby the maintenance of bone(More)
Several studies have shown that sperm capacitation was accompanied by a change in the lipid composition of the sperm membrane. In cattle, the major proteins of (bovine)seminal plasma (BSP proteins: BSP-A1/A2, BSP-A3, and BSP-30-kDa) potentiate sperm capacitation induced by high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Our recent studies indicate that these proteins and(More)
We reported recently that the choline phospholipid-binding proteins (BSP-A1/-A2, BSP-A3 and BSP-30-kDa) of bovine seminal plasma (BSP) stimulate cholesterol and choline phospholipid efflux from fibroblasts. In this study, we characterized the lipid efflux particles generated by BSP proteins. The density gradient ultracentrifugation of the efflux medium from(More)
The outcome of malarial anemia is determined by a complex interplay between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines, its severity associated with accumulation of hemozoin (Hz) in macrophages, elevated IL-10 responses and impaired IL-12 production. Although free heme contributes to malarial anemia by inducing oxidative damage of red blood cells(More)
UNLABELLED Adult bone tissue is continuously being remodelled and bone mass is maintained by a balance between osteoclastic bone resorption and osteoblastic bone formation. Alteration of osteoblastic cell proliferation may account in part for lack of balance between these two processes in bone loss of osteoporosis. There is calcium (Ca2+) control in(More)
Epidemiological studies indicate that patients suffering from atherosclerosis are predisposed to develop osteoporosis. Atherogenic determinants such as oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) particles have been shown both to stimulate the proliferation and promote apoptosis of bone-forming osteoblasts. Given such opposite responses, we characterized the(More)
Previous reports have suggested the involvement of voltage-activated calcium (Ca2+) channels in bone metabolism and in particular on the secretion of osteocalcin by osteoblast-like cells. We now report that potassium (K+) channels can also modulate the secretion of osteocalcin by MG-63 cells, a human osteosarcoma cell line. When 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin(More)