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For patients with advanced-stage or poor-prognosis malignant lymphoma, high-dose therapy with peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) support may become a first-line treatment. The duration of severe cytopenia in this setting is inversely related to the number of PBPCs autografted. In a retrospective analysis, we therefore looked for factors influencing the(More)
Transendothelial migration of hematopoietic progenitor cells occurs in the bone marrow during mobilization and homing, and may therefore play a key role in the trafficking of hematopoietic stem cells. We hypothesize that adhesion molecules, chemokines, and paracrine cytokines are involved in this multifactorial process. As suggested in several studies,(More)
—The chloride channel ClC-Kb is expressed in the basolateral cell membrane of the distal nephron and participates in renal NaCl reabsorption. Loss-of-function mutations of ClC-Kb lead to classic Bartter syndrome, a rare salt-wasting disorder. Recently, we identified the ClC-Kb T481S polymorphism, which confers a strong gain-of-function effect on the ClC-Kb(More)
We have shown that coculture of bone marrow microvascular endothelial cells with hematopoietic progenitor cells results in proliferation and differentiation of megakaryocytes. In these long-term cultures, bone marrow microvascular endothelial cell monolayers maintain their cellular integrity in the absence of exogenous endothelial growth factors. Because(More)
The chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor CXCR-4 (fusin, LESTR) are likely to be involved in the trafficking of hematopoietic progenitor and stem cells, as suggested by the reduced bone marrow hematopoiesis in SDF-1-deficient mice and the chemotactic effect of SDF-1 on CD34+ progenitor cells. Migration of leukemic cells might also(More)
Angiogenic factors may play a role in the biology of neuroblastoma, a well vascularised tumour, which frequently spreads haematogenously. Therefore, we analysed expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in six human neuroblastoma cell lines and five primary neuroblastomas. High VEGF levels (1-3 ng/10(6) cells/day) were found in the supernatant(More)
Although thrombopoietin has been shown to promote megakaryocyte (MK) proliferation and maturation, the exact mechanism and site of platelet formation are not well defined. Studies have shown that MKs may transmigrate through bone marrow endothelial cells (BMEC), and release platelets within the sinusoidal space or lung capillaries. In search for chemotactic(More)
The novel immunosuppressant FTY720 activates sphingosine 1-phosphate receptors (S1PRs) that affect responsiveness of lymphocytes to chemokines such as stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1), resulting in increased lymphocyte homing to secondary lymphoid organs. Since SDF-1 and its receptor CXCR4 are also involved in bone marrow (BM) homing of hematopoietic(More)
Stem and progenitor cells (PCs) of various lineages have become attractive vehicles to improve therapeutic gene delivery to cancers, notably glioblastoma. Here we report that adult human and murine haematopoietic PCs display a tropism for intracerebral gliomas but not for normal brain tissue in mice. Organotypic hippocampal slice culture and spheroid(More)
To examine mechanisms of mobilization and homing of hematopoietic progenitor cells, coexpression of CD34 and the adhesion molecules L-selectin (CD62L), VLA-4 (alpha 4 beta 1-integrin, CD49d/CD29), and LFA-1 (alpha L beta 2-integrin, CD11a/CD18) was evaluated. Samples from leukapheresis (LP) products and bone marrow (BM) were obtained on the same day from(More)