Robert Mischler

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BACKGROUND In 1999, avian influenza A/Hong Kong/1073/99 (H9N2) virus emerged as a pandemic threat to human beings. We aimed to assess safety, tolerability, and antigenicity of whole virus and subunit H9N2 vaccines in healthy volunteers. METHODS In a phase I randomised trial we randomly assigned 60 participants to whole virus or subunit H9N2 vaccine. Two(More)
Since the introduction to the Swiss market in 1997, Crucell (former Berna Biotech Ltd.), has sold over 41 million doses worldwide of the virosomal adjuvanted influenza vaccine, Inflexal V. Since 1992, 29 company sponsored clinical studies investigating the efficacy and safety of Inflexal V have been completed in which 3920 subjects participated. During its(More)
Inflexal V, a novel virosome-based trivalent influenza vaccine, has been shown to be highly immunogenic and well tolerated in children, young adults, and the elderly. Here we discuss the techniques for the manufacture of Inflexal V, highlighting the purity and consistency of the manufacturing process. Key factors to be taken into account in the construction(More)
The safety and immunogenicity of a new virosome influenza vaccine was compared to commercial whole-virus vaccine and subunit vaccine in elderly people. The virosome vaccine was made by extracting the haemagglutinin from influenza virus and incorporating it into the membrane of liposomes composed of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE).(More)
Fusion of influenza viruses with membranes is catalyzed by the viral spike protein hemagglutinin (HA). Under mildly acidic conditions (approximately pH 5) this protein undergoes a conformational change that triggers the exposure of the "fusion peptide", the hydrophobic N-terminal segment of the HA2 polypeptide chain. Insertion of this segment into the(More)
The application of mid-infrared laser spectroscopy to the reagent-free quantification of the concentration of glucose was investigated using cryogenically cooled lead salt lasers or, alternatively, quantum cascade lasers operating at room temperature. The concentration of glucose in aqueous solutions was quantified by means of fiber-based attenuated total(More)
A trivalent influenza virosome vaccine containing hemagglutinin and Escherichia coli heat-labile toxin (HLT) was administered intranasally to young adults and elderly subjects. Symptoms that followed immunization were mild and transient. A significant increase in serum hemagglutination inhibition (HI) antibody was noted for the 3 vaccine strains. There was(More)
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) was purified from MRC-5 human diploid cell cultures, inactivated with formalin, and evaluated for safety and immunogenicity in humans. Three vaccine formulations were produced: (a) a fluid preparation containing inactivated HAV, (b) inactivated HAV adsorbed to Al(OH)3, and (c) inactivated HAV coupled to novel immunopotentiating(More)
Vaccination represents the most efficient tool to control morbidity and mortality resulting from influenza infections in humans. The currently licensed influenza vaccines provide good protection levels in healthy adults, whereas lower protection is generally achieved in ageing individuals who are at a higher risk of developing severe clinical(More)
Fusion of influenza virus with target membranes is induced by acid and involves complex changes in the viral fusion protein hemagglutinin. At 0 degree C, in a first kinetically resolvable step, the hemagglutinin polypeptide 2 (HA2) N-terminal segment (fusion peptide) is exposed and inserts into the target membrane (Tsurudome, M., Glück, R., Graf, R.,(More)