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The authors report a study of all instances of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) (188 cases) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) (80 cases) that occurred in the Greater Cincinnati area during 1988. Adjusted for age, sex, and race, the annual incidence of ICH was 15 per 100,000 population (95% confidence interval 13 to 17) versus six per 100,000 for(More)
Oral and pharyngeal dysphagia is a common symptom in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and is the result of a progressive loss of function in bulbar and respiratory muscles. Clinicians involved in the management of ALS patients should be familiar with the common clinical findings and the usual patterns of temporal progression. The prevention(More)
CONTEXT Decreasing the time from stroke onset to hospital arrival and improving control of stroke risk factors depend on public knowledge of stroke warning signs and risk factors. OBJECTIVE To assess current public knowledge of stroke warning signs and risk factors. DESIGN A population-based telephone interview survey using random digit dialing(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The Greater Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Stroke Study was designed to be the first large, population-based metropolitan study of temporal trends in stroke incidence rates and outcome within a biracial population. METHODS We are identifying all hospitalized and autopsied cases of stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) among the(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke is an important cause of death among blacks, and intracerebral and subarachnoid hemorrhages account for nearly half of all early deaths from stroke. The present study investigates whether blacks and whites differ in their risk of having either intracerebral or subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS We reviewed the medical records, autopsy(More)
OBJECTIVES Sonographic thoracic B-lines and N-terminal pro-brain-type natriuretic peptide (NT-ProBNP) have been shown to help differentiate between congestive heart failure (CHF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The authors hypothesized that ultrasound (US) could be used to predict CHF and that it would provide additional predictive(More)
 Much evidence suggests that the mammalian thalamus is not merely a set of nuclei relaying signals to the cerebral cortex, but is engaged in two-way interplay with it. Three important features constrain ideas about the nature of this interplay: (i) thalamic projection neurones lack local axon collaterals; (ii) most cortico-thalamic projections have very(More)