Robert McLaughlin

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Residential proximity to busy roads has been associated with adverse health outcomes, and school location may also be an important determinant of children's exposure to traffic-related pollutants. The goal of this study was to examine the characteristics of public schools (grades K-12) in California (n = 7,460) by proximity to major roads. We determined(More)
We assessed inhalation risks to California communities from airborne agricultural pesticides by probability distribution analysis using ambient air data provided by the California Air Resources Board and the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. The pesticides evaluated include chloropicrin, chlorothalonil, chlorpyrifos, S,S,S-tributyl(More)
We collected indoor dust samples from homes in the Salinas Valley of California. Of 22 pesticides measured in 504 samples, permethrins and the organophosphate chlorpyrifos were present in highest amounts. In multivariate Tobit regression models among samples from 197 separate residences, reported agricultural uses of chlorpyrifos, a herbicide(More)
For the organophosphate pesticide chlorpyrifos, median inhalation noncancer, acute children's exposures in agricultural communities are elevated above reference doses; for diazinon, similar exposures are nearly elevated. We used multivariate linear regression analysis to examine the temporal and spatial associations between agricultural use and measured air(More)
Osteopetrosis is a group of rare sclerosing bone dysplasias. Orthopedic concerns in osteopetrosis are principally related to the characteristic brittle "marble bone" in which fractures may be easily induced by relatively low-energy mechanisms. Femoral fractures are common in this patient population, and management presents a unique technical challenge.(More)
To understand the physiology of non-differentiating bacteria exposed to nutrient deprivation and stress, various approaches have been employed in combination with detailed analysis of protein synthesis pattern. In this study, separation of proteins from clarified cell extracts of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 grown under phosphorus limiting conditions was(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness and sustainability of a voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) training program based on a training-of-trainers (TOT) model in the Caribbean Region, we gathered data on the percentage of participants trained as VCT providers who were providing VCT services, and those trained as VCT trainers who were conducting VCT(More)
Metadata development can be challenging because the vocabulary should be flexible and extensible, widely applicable, interoperable, and both machine and human readable. We describe how we engaged members of organizations in the field of technical assistance to educators in a process of metadata development, and the challenges we faced. The result was a an(More)
Prolog is not like most computer languages. In Prolog a particular action can bring forth many results. This means special care must be taken when writing code. Not only must the code meet standards of readability but it must also allow us to understand the process by which the coder intended inferences to take place.Prolog use a set of rules based on pure(More)
A new type of atomic absorption spectrometer-one that detects trace mercury in host material, based on hyperfine structure lines in a magnetic field-was developed and tested on various substances. This device can detect trace mercury to about 0.04 part per million (40 parts per billion) in about 1 minute. No chemical separation from the host material is(More)