Robert McCollum

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The Veterans Administration has been conducting a cooperative randomized, double-blind, controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of conventional and hepatitis B immune serum globulin for the prevention of post-transfusion hepatitis. Data collected between 1969 and 1974 provide the opportunity to describe the annual incidence and characteristics of the(More)
A double blind, randomized, controlled trial has been conducted in 11 Veterans Administration hospitals during a 49-month period to compare the relative efficacies of immune serum globulin (ISG) and an albumin placebo for the prevention of post-transfusion hepatitis (PTH). A total of 2204 patients, of whom 1094 received ISG, participated in the study. The(More)
Since the discovery of humoral factors such as cytokines, which could modulate connective tissue metabolism, questions have arisen concerning their involvement in the pathophysiology of osteoarthritis. At least three cytokines, interleukin (IL-1), tumor necrosis factor, and interleukin-6, were identified in articular tissue and suggested to play a role(More)
BACKGROUND In an attempt to identify the factor(s) involved in the modulation of the degradative pathway of articular cartilage, we previously reported a possible imbalance between the levels of biologically active forms of metalloproteases and tissue inhibitor of metalloprotease (TIMP) in osteoarthritis (OA) cartilage. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We extended our(More)
Since 1961, viral hepatitis has been recognized as an occupational hazard among handlers of newly imported chimpanzees and other nonhuman primates. To determine whether previously reported cases were caused by human viral hepatitis type A, we tested paired serum samples from two outbreaks for antibody to hepatitis A antigen (anti-HA) by immune adherence(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify and investigate the kinetic binding properties of interleukin-1 receptors (IL-1R), and examine the abilities of the 2 IL-1 isoforms to stimulate metalloprotease synthesis, in normal and osteoarthritic (OA) chondrocytes. METHODS Receptor affinity and density were determined using radioligand binding experiments and flow cytometry.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of antirheumatic drugs and corticosteroids on interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) levels in, and IL-1-stimulated metalloprotease synthesis and expression by, normal and osteoarthritic (OA) human articular chondrocytes. METHODS IL-1R affinity and density of human chondrocytes were determined using radioligand binding(More)