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The onset of synaptogenesis was studied in the temporal cortex of rat fetuses whose age ranged between 15 and 19 days of gestation. First synapses were found at a surprisingly early stage of cortical development: on day 16. These contacts showed relatively few vesicles and very inconspicuous membrane-thickenings. They were located in the marginal layer,(More)
In the course of our study on Wallerian degeneration in the young rat optic nerve after unilateral enucleation, cell proliferation was measured by quantitative radio-autography. Ninety-two newborn rats were separated into four groups which were operated at 2, 5, 8 and 20 days postnatal (key stages) respectively. In each of these groups, the animals were(More)
Early cortical neurogenesis and synaptogenesis are discussed with reference to observations made in fetal and postnatal rat temporal cortex. Thymidine autoradiography was used to determine the time of origin of cortical neurons, particularly of layer I. Earliest neurons--CRs--form between FD 12 and 15, whereas the period of maximal formation of layer I(More)
The study of the postnatal maturation of the ventral cochlear nuclei (VCN) and the dorsal cochlear nuclei (DCN) was carried out on the cat by means of recordings of the extra-cellular neuronal activity. At birth it is already possible to obtain toneburst responses in the VCN and DCN. At this age the responses are characterised by a small number of spikes(More)
The maturation of the stato-acoustic nerve in the cat was studied by light and electron microscopy from the fetal stage to the adult. Measurement of the outer diameter of the fibers and the study of the myelination process revealed that myelination begins earlier for the vestibular nerve than for the cochlear nerve: by the fifty-third day of gestation 64%(More)
Localized cooling was used in the search for vestibulothalamic pathways and a study was made of its effect on the activity of the thalamic neurons brought into action by stimulation of the vestibular nerve. Two cell populations were identified by their distinctive latencies in the ventral part of the posterior thalamus. Short latency responses were(More)