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BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that alendronate can increase bone mineral density (BMD) and prevent radiographically defined (morphometric) vertebral fractures. The Fracture Intervention Trial aimed to investigate the effect of alendronate on the risk of morphometric as well as clinically evident fractures in postmenopausal women with low bone mass.(More)
BACKGROUND Bisphosphonate therapy is the current standard of care for the prevention and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Studies of anabolic therapy in patients who are receiving long-term glucocorticoids and are at high risk for fracture are lacking. METHODS In an 18-month randomized, double-blind, controlled trial, we compared(More)
We conducted a 12-wk resistance training program in elderly women [mean age 69 +/- 1.0 (SE) yr] to determine whether increases in muscle strength are associated with changes in cross-sectional fiber area of the vastus lateralis muscle. Twenty-seven healthy women were randomly assigned to either a control or exercise group. The program was satisfactorily(More)
Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the National Cancer Institute. and AH formed the writing committee designing the study, and were principal investigators of the participating lymphoma groups. RDG and AJ performed the major part of pathology review. MvG did all statistical(More)
Raloxifene, a nonsteroidal selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), increases bone mineral density (BMD), decreases biochemical markers of bone turnover, and prevents incident vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women, while sparing the breast and endometrium from the undesirable stimulation caused by estrogen. How the long-term beneficial effects of(More)
PURPOSE It is desirable for clinicians to know what bone mineral density (BMD) response they can expect in women treated with osteoporosis therapies. The focus of this analysis was to determine what percentage of women attained a lumbar spine BMD response to teriparatide that equaled or exceeded the least significant change (LSC) value of 3%. METHODS Data(More)
The combination of cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone (CVP) is one of several standard treatment options for advanced follicular lymphoma. This, like similar chemotherapeutic regimens, induces response rates of 60% to 80%, with a median response duration of under 2 years. Rituximab, a chimeric monoclonal antibody against CD20, is active in(More)
We studied the acquisition of bone mineral in 45 healthy prepubertal and pubertal girls and related changes in bone mass to age, body mass, pubertal status, calcium intake, and exercise. A subgroup of 12 girls was followed longitudinally. Bone mineral content (BMC) of the lumbar spine, whole body, and femoral neck was measured by dual energy x-ray(More)
We examined the association of bone mineral density (BMD) with a polymorphism in the gene encoding the vitamin D receptor (VDR) that causes a change in the predicted protein sequence. The polymorphism results from a C-to-T transition and creates an initiation codon (ATG) three codons proximal to a downstream start site. The polymorphism can be defined by a(More)
In a recent study of women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, treatment with teriparatide for a median of 19 months increased bone mineral density and decreased the risk of vertebral and nonvertebral fractures. Using the same cohort, the current study evaluated the relationship between these therapeutic effects and the patient's baseline age, vertebral bone(More)