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Bloom syndrome (BS) is characterized by genomic instability and cancer susceptibility caused by defects in BLM, a DNA helicase of the RecQ-family (J. German and N. A. Ellis, The Genetic Basis of Human Cancer, pp. 301-316, 1998). RecQ helicases and topoisomerase III proteins interact physically and functionally in yeast (S. Gangloff et al., Mol. Cell. Biol.,(More)
Werner's syndrome (WS) is a human disease with manifestations resembling premature aging. The gene defective in WS, WRN, encodes a DNA helicase. Here, we describe the generation of mice bearing a mutation that eliminates expression of the C terminus of the helicase domain of the WRN protein. Mutant mice are born at the expected Mendelian frequency and do(More)
BACKGROUND The oncoprotein HER-2 is over-expressed and/or has undergone gene amplification in between 20 to 30% of breast and ovarian cancers. HER-2 amplified breast cancer is associated with a poor prognosis and increased resistance to chemo- and hormonal therapy. Data supporting the transforming potential of HER-2 are irrefutable but the mechanism by(More)
Cancer cells require mechanisms to maintain telomeres. Most use telomerase, but 5% to 20% of tumors use alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT), a telomerase-independent mechanism that seems to depend on recombination. ALT is characterized by amplification of telomere TTAGGG repeats to lengths beyond 50 kb, by elevated rates of telomere recombination,(More)
The alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) is a recombination-based mechanism of telomere maintenance activated in 5-20% of human cancers. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, survivors that arise after inactivation of telomerase can be classified as type I or type II ALT. In type I, telomeres have a tandem array structure, with each subunit consisting of a(More)
A novel approach has been developed for the analysis of hepatitis B virus (HBV) antigenic structure which creates numerical "signatures" of HBV viral strains. This technique employs high affinity IgM and IgG monoclonal antibodies (anti-HBs) directed toward distinct and separate determinants on hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Such antibodies have been(More)
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