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Bloom syndrome (BS) is characterized by genomic instability and cancer susceptibility caused by defects in BLM, a DNA helicase of the RecQ-family (J. German and N. A. Ellis, The Genetic Basis of Human Cancer, pp. 301-316, 1998). RecQ helicases and topoisomerase III proteins interact physically and functionally in yeast (S. Gangloff et al., Mol. Cell. Biol.,(More)
Werner's syndrome (WS) is a human disease with manifestations resembling premature aging. The gene defective in WS, WRN, encodes a DNA helicase. Here, we describe the generation of mice bearing a mutation that eliminates expression of the C terminus of the helicase domain of the WRN protein. Mutant mice are born at the expected Mendelian frequency and do(More)
BACKGROUND The oncoprotein HER-2 is over-expressed and/or has undergone gene amplification in between 20 to 30% of breast and ovarian cancers. HER-2 amplified breast cancer is associated with a poor prognosis and increased resistance to chemo- and hormonal therapy. Data supporting the transforming potential of HER-2 are irrefutable but the mechanism by(More)
The alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) is a recombination-based mechanism of telomere maintenance activated in 5-20% of human cancers. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, survivors that arise after inactivation of telomerase can be classified as type I or type II ALT. In type I, telomeres have a tandem array structure, with each subunit consisting of a(More)
A novel approach has been developed for the analysis of hepatitis B virus (HBV) antigenic structure which creates numerical "signatures" of HBV viral strains. This technique employs high affinity IgM and IgG monoclonal antibodies (anti-HBs) directed toward distinct and separate determinants on hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Such antibodies have been(More)
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