Robert MacFarlane

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—We monitored growth and life history pathways of juvenile steelhead Oncorhynchus mykiss and compared growth rates between the upper watershed and estuary in Scott Creek, a typical California coastal stream. Growth in the upper watershed was approximately linear from May to December for age-0 fish. For passive integrated transponder (PIT) tagged, age-1þ(More)
Adaptation to novel habitats and phenotypic plasticity can be counteracting forces in evolution, but both are key characteristics of the life history of steelhead/rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Anadromous steelhead reproduce in freshwater river systems and small coastal streams but grow and mature in the ocean. Resident rainbow trout, either sympatric(More)
Understanding smolt migration dynamics is a critical step in the preservation and conservation of imperiled salmonids in California’s Sacramento River system. Late-fall run Chinook salmon yearling smolts were acoustically tagged and tracked during their outmigration through California’s Sacramento River and San Francisco Estuary during 2007–2009. Migration(More)
Telemetry has proven an effective means for studying the movement of fishes, however, biases associated with tagged animals requires careful scrutiny if accurate conclusions are to be made from field studies. The objective of this study was to evaluate growth, survival, and tag retention in hatchery yearling Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)(More)
BACKGROUND Herpes simplex is a common human pathogen that has rare but severe manifestations including encephalitis. CASE DESCRIPTION A 44-year-old man underwent uneventful resection of an acoustic neuroma. Postoperatively, he developed swinging pyrexia, vomiting, and episodic confusion. Analysis of cerebrospinal fluid showed a lymphocytosis, and(More)
Concentrations of organomercurial fungicides as low as 0.1 part per billion in water reduced photosynthesis and growth in laboratory cultures of one species of marine diatom and several natural phytoplankton communities from Florida lakes. The acute toxicity of mercury compounds to phytoplankton is dependent on the chemical nature of the mercury compound(More)
OBJECTIVES To report our approach to the surgical management of vestibular schwannomas (VSs) and hearing rehabilitation in neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2). DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING Tertiary referral NF2 unit. PATIENTS Between 1981 and 2011, seventy-five patients were managed in our NF2 unit, of which, 58 patients are under current(More)
Maintaining viable populations of salmon in the wild is a primary goal for many conservation and recovery programs. The frequency and extent of connectivity among natal sources defines the demographic and genetic boundaries of a population. Yet, the role that immigration of hatchery-produced adults may play in altering population dynamics and fitness of(More)
This report describes the historical structure of springand winter-run chinook salmon populations in the Sacramento-San Joaquin watershed based on historical distributional information, geography, hydrography, ecology, population genetics, life history information, and trends in abundance. For the purposes of technical recovery planning, there are(More)
Steelhead trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, are known to expel acoustic tags which can negatively bias population survival estimates. Tag burden may also affect the development and behavior of smolts, thereby impacting the results of population and behavioral studies. We monitored the growth, condition, and tag expulsion rate of steelhead trout in similar-sized(More)