Robert M. Sklar

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It has long been known that nerves stimulate growth and maintenance of skeletal muscles in ways not dependent on physical contacts, but numerous attempts to identify and characterize the myotrophic agent(s) secreted by nerves have been unsuccessful. We here suggest that products of the neuregulin gene may be these agents. The neuregulins are a family of(More)
DNA repair reactions are under cellular control. In bacteria, the reactions removing 0(6)-methylguanine and 3-methyladenine are inducible. It is not clear whether similar inducibility occurs in human lymphoblastoid cells. Nonetheless, the ability to manufacture the 0(6)-methylguanine acceptor protein does seem to be controlled by some chromosomal mechanism(More)
We examined the direct effects of the commonly used immunosuppressive agents cyclosporin A and cyclophosphamide on cultures of clonally derived aneural human myoblasts. When applied to cultures in doses reflecting the therapeutic dose in vivo, both cyclosporin A and cyclophosphamide had dose-related reproducible effects on myoblast fusion: fusion was(More)
A new, simple, and inexpensive method for the rapid isolation of DNA from whole blood is described. Cell nuclei are prepared by lysis of cytoplasmic membranes and DNA within the nuclear pellet is dispersed with guanidine isothiocyanate and precipitated with isopropanol. DNA prepared in this way restricts completely and results in low backgrounds of(More)
The ability to excise (repair) UV-induced pyrimidine dimers in Escherichia coli is not related to its ability to remove N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG)-induced O6-methylguanine (O6-MeG) from DNA. It was therefore surprising that certain xeroderma pigmentosum cell lines, deficient in dimer excision, were also unable to remove O6-MeG. We find that(More)
We examined class I and class II HLA antigen expression by flow cytometry in clonal cultures derived from normal human skeletal muscle biopsies. Both HLA class I and class II antigens were constitutively expressed in all clones studied. By altering the constituents of the culture medium, we could modulate the expression of HLA class II but not HLA class I(More)
In order to better characterize the molecular events that accompany lesion development in multiple sclerosis (MS), we studied the accumulation of RNA specific to the nuclear proto-oncogenes c-fos and c-myb in post mortem white matter brain tissue. RNA was prepared from plaque and periplaque regions of 6 different MS brains, from "normal" white matter(More)
The Raji human lymphoma line is able to remove O6-methylguanine (O6MeG) lesions introduced by treatment of cells with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG). The reaction has a rapid phase in which approximately 40% of the O6MeG is removed in the first 10 min. The capacity of cells for rapid O6MeG removal is limited and is saturated at concentrations(More)