Robert M. Schwartz

Michelle S Horner1
Tony N Nakhla1
Amanda Collier1
Mark K Horowitz1
1Michelle S Horner
1Tony N Nakhla
1Amanda Collier
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BACKGROUND Depression involves decreased positive affect. Whether this is due to a failure to achieve or maintain positive emotion in response to discrete stimuli is unclear. Understanding the nature of decreased positive affect could help to address how to intervene in the phenomenon, for example, how to structure interventions using positive and rewarding(More)
Comments on the article by Frederickson and Losada (see record 2005-11834-001). In this comment, we show how to account for the phenomenon of the 3:1 ratio using a mathematical model of reflexive awareness (Lefebvre, 1977, 1992; Schwartz, 1997) that captures the property of the mind to model self and other at increasing levels of awareness. The model has(More)
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