Robert M. Nwokonko

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The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) sensor, STIM1, becomes activated when ER-stored Ca(2+) is depleted and translocates into ER-plasma membrane junctions where it tethers and activates Orai1 Ca(2+) entry channels. The dimeric STIM1 protein contains a small STIM-Orai-activating region (SOAR)--the minimal sequence sufficient to activate Orai1 channels.(More)
The ubiquitously expressed Orai Ca2+ channels are gated through a unique process of intermembrane coupling with the Ca2+-sensing STIM proteins. Despite the significance of Orai1-mediated Ca2+ signals, how gating of Orai1 is triggered by STIM1 remains unknown. A widely held gating model invokes STIM1 binding directly to Orai1 pore-forming helix. Here we(More)
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