BACKGROUND Basic telesurgical manoeuvres were conducted with signal delays. METHODS Eight test subjects conducted four manoeuvres. Time delays of 0-1000 ms were investigated. Time to task completion and error rate were recorded in sequential delays of 0-600 ms. Additionally, blinded random delays of 0-1000 ms were studied. RESULTS In the sequential… (More)
A relatively unique emulation laboratory facility is being developed at Stanford University to support research in computer architecture and language processing. The center of this system is a "universal host" computer which is capable of emulating (or simulating) the behavior of many other computers.