This article is an introduction to the historical background, clinical and laboratory diagnosis, pathogenesis, and treatment of vasculitis involving the peripheral and central nervous system. It also provides a background for the articles that follow.
BACKGROUND Avoiding cardiopulmonary bypass in coronary artery bypass grafting is thought to reduce early mortality and morbidity. METHODS We used our prospective database to compare all patients having off-pump coronary surgery (n = 389) with those having on-pump coronary surgery (n = 2412) between March 15, 1995, and November 1, 2000. Patients were… (More)
There is no consensus regarding the optimal induction immunosuppression regimen after lung transplantation (LT). In addition to the potential benefit of a reduced incidence of early acute allograft rejection, cytolytic induction immunosuppression may impact on long-term allograft function. We retrospectively assessed our incidence of obliterative… (More)
The thoracic vein hypothesis of chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) posits that rapid, repetitive activations from muscle sleeves within thoracic veins underlie the mechanism of sustained AF. If this is so, thoracic vein ablation should terminate sustained AF and prevent its reinduction. Six female mongrel dogs underwent chronic pulmonary vein (PV) pacing at… (More)
BACKGROUND The clinical benefits of the left internal thoracic artery-to-left anterior descending coronary artery graft are well established in coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). However, limited data are available regarding the long-term outcome of the radial artery (RA) as a secondary conduit over the established standard of the saphenous venous… (More)
A 54 year old female presented with lower extremity edema, fatigue, and shortness of breath with physical findings indicative of advanced aortic insufficiency. Echocardiography showed severe aortic regurgitation and a probable quadricuspid aortic valve. In anticipation of aortic valve replacement, cardiac computed tomography (Cardiac CT) was performed using… (More)