Robert M. Jr. Bryan

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The cerebrovascular endothelium exerts a profound influence on cerebral vessels and cerebral blood flow. This review summarizes current knowledge of various dilator and constrictor mechanisms intrinsic to the cerebrovascular endothelium. The endothelium contributes to the resting tone of cerebral arteries and arterioles by tonically releasing nitric oxide(More)
Direct lateral cortical impact through the intact leptomeninges using a pneumatically driven piston produces increasingly severe pathophysiologic derangements with increasing cortical deformation. We studied the histopathologic correlates of cortical impact injury produced by 2 mm, 2.5 mm, and 3 mm deformation in the rat at 5 m/sec. Additionally, the effect(More)
Previous models of the cerebrovascular smooth muscle cell have not addressed the interaction between the electrical, chemical, and mechanical components of cell function during the development of active tension. These models are primarily electrical, biochemical or mechanical in their orientation, and do not permit a full exploration of how the smooth(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and laser-Doppler perfusion were measured in rats after controlled cortical impact injury (CCII), a model of traumatic brain injury. Male Long-Evans rats were anesthetized with isoflurane and surgically prepared with arterial and venous cannulae. CCII was induced after a craniectomy by deforming the right parietal cortex(More)
Previous data indicate that regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) decreases during acute and chronic hyperglycemia. To test the hypothesis that the decrease in rCBF is secondary to a decrease in cerebral metabolic rate, the rate of regional cerebral glucose utilization (rCMRgl) was measured in awake-restrained rats during acute and chronic hyperglycemia.(More)
O bstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is defined by interrupted breathing during sleep due to airway obstruction with an ongoing respiratory effort. In adults, OSA most commonly is caused by decreased muscle tone (required for patency) in the soft tissues of the upper airway. Symptoms of OSA include snoring, daytime sleepiness, morning headache, sexual(More)
We tested the hypothesis that TREK-1, a two-pore domain K channel, is involved with dilations in arteries. Because there are no selective activators or inhibitors of TREK-1, we generated a mouse line deficient in TREK-1. Endothelium-mediated dilations were not different in arteries from wild-type (WT) and TREK-1 knockout (KO) mice. This includes dilations(More)
Regional cerebral glucose utilization (rCMRgl) was studied during insulin-induced hypoglycemia in unanesthetized rats. Rats were surgically prepared using halothane and nitrous oxide anesthesia and allowed 5 h to recover from the anesthesia before rCMRgl was measured. The rCMRgl was measured using [6-14C]glucose in a normoglycemic control group and two(More)
In this decade, the brain argueably stands as one of the most exciting and challenging organs to study. Exciting in as far as that it remains an area of research vastly unknown and challenging due to the very nature of its anatomical design: the skull provides a formidable barrier and direct observations of intraparenchymal function in vivo are impractical.(More)
Cerebrovascular reactivity to CO(2) or hypotension was studied in vivo and in vitro [pressurized arteries ( approximately 82 micrometer) and arterioles ( approximately 30 micrometer)] at 1 h after mild controlled cortical impact (CCI) injury in rats. The cortical perfusion response [assessed using laser-Doppler flowmetry (LDF)] to altered CO(2) was(More)