Robert M Josiah

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UNLABELLED OBJECTIVE To analyse survival and retention rates of the Tanzanian care and treatment programme. METHODS Routine patient-level data were available from 101 of 909 clinics. Kaplan-Meier probabilities of mortality and attrition after ART initiation were calculated. Mortality risks were corrected for biases from loss to follow-up using Egger's(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate various strategies aimed at improving adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS Patients initiated on ART at Muhimbili National Hospital HIV clinic were randomly assigned to either regular adherence counseling, regular counseling plus a calendar, or regular counseling and a treatment assistant. Patients were seen monthly;(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the acceptability, compliance and side effects of isoniazid (INH) prophylaxis against tuberculosis among HIV infected police officers (PO) in Dar es Salaam. DESIGN A nested study from a prospective follow up of a cohort of police officers. SETTING Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. SUBJECTS One hundred and forty three HIV-1 infected(More)
The glycaemic response to 124.5 +/- 9.3 (mean +/- SD) g of pancakes was monitored in 21 non-insulin dependent diabetic (NIDDM) patients while on oral hypoglycaemics, after a 1-week washout period and after a 1-week twice daily treatment with 100 mL of an aqueous extract from 12.5 g of powdered aerial parts of Phyllanthus amarus. After the 1-week washout(More)
BACKGROUND Results of most population-based studies primarily are derived from people who responded positively and thereby continued to participate in such studies. It is, however, equally important to know the characteristics of study subjects who drop out to learn the reasons that kept them from continuing to participate in the study, especially because(More)
Among HIV-infected individuals, skin diseases cause significant morbidity and are frequently the initial indication of immunosuppression. From an on-going cohort study to determine prevalence and incidence of HIV infection among police officers (POs) and their suitability for HIV vaccine trials, a sub-study was carried out to determine the prevalence and(More)
Received 26 March 2015; Revised 12 June 2015; Accepted 17 June 2015; Published 21 July 2015 Copyright: – 2015 Lambdin BH et al; licensee International AIDS Society. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0) License (, which permits(More)
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