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We have cloned, sequenced and analysed an additional five circular ssDNA components of banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) which we have called components 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6. These components were present in all BBTV infections tested. Four of these components (components 3, 4, 5 and 6) had one large open reading frame (ORF) in the virion sense located 3' of a(More)
Banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) genomic ssDNA is capable of complementary strand synthesis in vitro without the addition of exogenous primers. We have demonstrated that the self-priming of BBTV can be attributed to a population of endogenous primers which are bound to the genomic DNA within the virions. The primer molecules appeared to be composed entirely(More)
One DNA component of the banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) genome was cloned and sequenced. This component is present as a circular, ssDNA in the virions and consists of 1111 nucleotides. It contains one large open reading frame (ORF) of 858 nucleotides in the virion sense; this ORF encodes a putative replicase based on the presence of a dNTP-binding motif(More)
Green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagging was used to determine the intracellular localization pattern of the proteins encoded by banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) DNA-3, -4 and -6. The protein encoded by BBTV DNA-4, which possesses a hydrophobic N terminus, was found to localize exclusively to the cell periphery while the proteins encoded by BBTV DNA-3 and -6(More)
Two pairs of degenerate primers were designed from sequences within the potyviral CI (CIFor/CIRev) and HC-Pro-coding regions (HPFo/HPRev), and these were shown to be highly specific to members of the genus Potyvirus. Using the CIFor and CIRev primers, three novel potyviruses infecting crop and weed species from Vietnam were detected, namely telosma mosaic(More)
The major open reading frame of banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) DNA-1 encodes a putative replication initiation protein (Rep). In vitro, a fusion protein of BBTV Rep linked to a maltose-binding protein exhibited both site-specific nicking and joining activities. These activities were dependent on the presence of Mg2+ or Mn2+, but did not require ATP. The(More)
We have analysed the sequence variability in the putative reverse transcriptase (RT)/ribonuclease H (RNaseH) and the C-terminal coat protein (CP)-coding regions from Taro bacilliform virus (TaBV) isolates collected throughout the Pacific Islands. When the RT/RNaseH-coding region of 22 TaBV isolates from Fiji, French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Papua New(More)
Banana bunchy top nanovirus (BBTV) has a multicomponent circular single-stranded DNA (cssDNA) genome consisting of at least six components. We have cloned, sequenced and analysed two additional cssDNA components, designated BBTV-S1 and S2, associated with a Taiwanese BBTV isolate. The sequences of BBTV-S1 and S2 comprised 1109 and 1095 nucleotides (nt),(More)
We have sequenced the entire coat protein (CP)-coding region and 5' 162 nucleotides of the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of nine different isolates of banana bract mosaic virus (BBrMV) from five different countries. Further, we have sequenced the 3' 621 nucleotides of the NIb-coding region of a Philippines isolate. This is the first report of BBrMV in(More)
Banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) DNA component 1 from isolates from 10 different countries was cloned and sequenced and the sequences were aligned and compared. This analysis indicated two groups: the South Pacific group (isolates from Australia, Burundi, Egypt, Fiji, India, Tonga and Western Samoa) and the Asian group (isolates from the Philippines, Taiwan(More)